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Amazon Web Services SAA-C03 Dumps

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Total 683 questions

AWS Certified Solutions Architect - Associate (SAA-C03) Questions and Answers

Question 1

A research laboratory needs to process approximately 8 TB of data The laboratory requires sub-millisecond latencies and a minimum throughput of 6 GBps for the storage subsystem Hundreds of Amazon EC2 instances that run Amazon Linux will distribute and process the data

Which solution will meet the performance requirements?

Options:

A.

Create an Amazon FSx for NetApp ONTAP file system Set each volume's tiering policy to ALL Import the raw data into the file system Mount the file system on the EC2 instances

B.

Create an Amazon S3 bucket to stofe the raw data Create an Amazon FSx for Lustre file system that uses persistent SSD storage Select the option to import data from and export data to Amazon S3 Mount the file system on the EC2 instances

C.

Create an Amazon S3 bucket to store the raw data Create an Amazon FSx for Lustre file system that uses persistent HDD storage Select the option to import data from and export data to Amazon S3 Mount the file system on the EC2 instances

D.

Create an Amazon FSx for NetApp ONTAP file system Set each volume's tienng policy to NONE. Import the raw data into the file system Mount the file system on the EC2 instances

Question 2

A company hostss a three application on Amazon EC2 instances in a single Availability Zone. The web application uses a self-managed MySQL database that is hosted on an EC2 instances to store data in an Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volumn. The MySQL database currently uses a 1 TB Provisioned IOPS SSD (io2) EBS volume. The company expects traffic of 1,000 IOPS for both reads and writes at peak traffic.

The company wants to minimize any distruptions, stabilize perperformace, and reduce costs while retaining the capacity for double the IOPS. The company wants to more the database tier to a fully managed solution that is highly available and fault tolerant.

Which solution will meet these requirements MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Use a Multi-AZ deployment of an Amazon RDS for MySQL DB instance with an io2 Block Express EBS volume.

B.

Use a Multi-AZ deployment of an Amazon RDS for MySQL DB instance with a General Purpose SSD (gp2) EBS volume.

C.

Use Amazon S3 Intelligent-Tiering access tiers.

D.

Use two large EC2 instances to host the database in active-passive mode.

Question 3

A transaction processing company has weekly scripted batch jobs that run on Amazon EC2 instances. The EC2 instances are in an Auto Scaling group. The number of transactions can vary but the beseline CPU utilization that is noted on each run is at least 60%. The company needs to provision the capacity 30 minutes before the jobs run.

Currently engineering complete this task by manually modifying the Auto Scaling group parameters. The company does not have the resources to analyze the required capacity trends for the Auto Scaling group counts. The company needs an automated way to modify the Auto Scaling group’s capacity.

Which solution will meet these requiements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Ceate a dynamic scalling policy for the Auto Scaling group. Configure the policy to scale based on the CPU utilization metric to 60%.

B.

Create a scheduled scaling polcy for the Auto Scaling group. Set the appropriate desired capacity, minimum capacity, and maximum capacity. Set the recurrence to weekly. Set the start time to 30 minutes. Before the batch jobs run.

C.

Create a predictive scaling policy for the Auto Scaling group. Configure the policy to scale based on forecast. Set the scaling metric to CPU utilization. Set the target value for the metric to 60%. In the Policy, set the instances to pre-launch 30 minutes before the jobs run.

D.

Create an Amazon EventBridge event to invoke an AWS Lamda function when the CPU utilization metric value for the Auto Scaling group reaches 60%. Configure the Lambda function to increase the Auto Scaling group’s desired capacity and maximum capacity by 20%.

Question 4

A company stores confidential data in an Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL database in the ap-southeast-3 Region The database is encrypted with an AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) customer managed key The company was recently acquired and must securely share a backup of the database with the acquiring company's AWS account in ap-southeast-3.

What should a solutions architect do to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Create a database snapshot Copy the snapshot to a new unencrypted snapshot Share the new snapshot with the acquiring company's AWS account

B.

Create a database snapshot Add the acquiring company's AWS account to the KMS key policy Share the snapshot with the acquiring company's AWS account

C.

Create a database snapshot that uses a different AWS managed KMS key Add the acquiring company's AWS account to the KMS key alias. Share the snapshot with the acquiring company's AWS account.

D.

Create a database snapshot Download the database snapshot Upload the database snapshot to an Amazon S3 bucket Update the S3 bucket policy to allow access from the acquiring company's AWS account

Question 5

A solution architect must create a disaster recovery (DR) plan for a high-volume software as a service (SaaS) platform. All data for the platform is stored in an Amazon Aurora MySQL DB cluster.

The DR plan must replcate data to a secondary AWS Region.

Which solution will meet these requirements MOST cost-effectively?

Use MySQL binary log replication to an Aurora cluster

Options:

A.

Use MySQL binary log replication to an Aurora cluster in the secondary Region Provision one DB instance for the Aurora cluster in the secondary Region.

B.

Set up an Aurora global database for the DB cluster. When setup is complete, remove the DB instance from the secondary Region.

C.

Use AWS Database Migration Service (AWS QMS) to continuously replicate data to an Aurora cluster in the secondary Region Remove theDB instance from the secondary Region.

D.

Set up an Aurora global database for the DB cluster Specify a minimum of one DB instance in the secondary Region

Question 6

A company runs a fleet of web servers using an Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL DB instance After a routine compliance check, the company sets a standard that requires a recovery pant objective (RPO) of less than 1 second for all its production databases.

Which solution meets these requirement?

Options:

A.

Enable a Multi-AZ deployment for the DB Instance

B.

Enable auto scaling for the OB instance m one Availability Zone.

C.

Configure the 06 instance in one Availability Zone and create multiple read replicas in a separate Availability Zone

D.

Configure the 06 instance in one Availability Zone, and configure AWS Database Migration Service (AWS DMS) change data capture (CDC) tasks

Question 7

An ecommerce company is building a distributed application that involves several serverless functions and AWS services to complete order-processing tasks. These tasks require manual approvals as part of the workflow A solutions architect needs to design an architecture for the order-processing application The solution must be able to combine multiple AWS Lambda functions into responsive serverless applications The solution also must orchestrate data and services that run on Amazon EC2 instances, containers, or on-premises servers

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Use AWS Step Functions to build the application.

B.

Integrate all the application components in an AWS Glue job

C.

Use Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) to build the application

D.

Use AWS Lambda functions and Amazon EventBridge (Amazon CloudWatch Events) events to build the application

Question 8

An IAM user made several configuration changes to AWS resources m their company's account during a production deployment last week. A solutions architect learned that a couple of security group rules are not configured as desired. The solutions architect wants to confirm which IAM user was responsible for making changes.

Which service should the solutions architect use to find the desired information?

Options:

A.

Amazon GuardDuty

B.

Amazon Inspector

C.

AWS CloudTrail

D.

AWS Config

Question 9

A company wants to create an application to store employee data in a hierarchical structured relationship. The company needs a minimum-latency response to high-traffic queries for the employee data and must protect any sensitive data. The company also need to receive monthly email messages if any financial information is present in the employee data.

Which combination of steps should a solutin architect take to meet these requirement? ( Select TWO.)

Options:

A.

Use Amazon Redshift to store the employee data in hierarchies. Unload the data to Amazon S3 every month.

B.

Use Amazon DynamoDB to store the employee data in hierarchies Export the data to Amazon S3 every month.

C.

Configure Amazon Macie for the AWS account Integrate Macie with Amazon EventBridge to send monthly events to AWS Lambda.

D.

Use Amazon Athena to analyze the employee data in Amazon S3 integrate Athena with Amazon QuickSight to publish analysis dashboards and share the dashboards with users.

E.

Configure Amazon Macie for the AWS account. integrate Macie with Amazon EventBridge to send monthly notifications through an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) subscription.

Question 10

A company is migrating a Linux-based web server group to AWS. The web servers must access files in a shared file store for some content. The company must not make any changes to the application.

What should a solutions architect do to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Create an Amazon S3 Standard bucket with access to the web servers.

B.

Configure an Amazon CloudFront distribution with an Amazon S3 bucket as the origin.

C.

Create an Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS) file system. Mount the EFS file system on all web servers.

D.

Configure a General Purpose SSD (gp3) Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volume. Mount the EBS volume to all web servers.

Question 11

A company is migrating its on-premises workload to the AWS Cloud. The company already uses several Amazon EC2 instances and Amazon RDS DB instances. The company wants a solution that automatically starts and stops the EC2 instances and D6 instances outside of business hours. The solution must minimize cost and infrastructure maintenance.

Which solution will meet these requirement?

Options:

A.

Scale the EC2 instances by using elastic resize Scale the DB instances to zero outside of business hours

B.

Explore AWS Marketplace for partner solutions that will automatically start and stop the EC2 Instances and OB instances on a schedule

C.

Launch another EC2 instance. Configure a crontab schedule to run shell scripts that will start and stop the existing EC2 instances and DB instances on a schedule.

D.

Create an AWS Lambda function that will start and stop the EC2 instances and DB instances Configure Amazon EventBridge to invoke the Lambda function on a schedule

Question 12

A gaming company is moving its public scoreboard from a data center to the AWS Cloud. The company uses Amazon EC2 Windows Server instances behind an

Application Load Balancer to host its dynamic application. The company needs a highly available storage solution for the application. The application consists of static files and dynamic server-side code.

Which combination of steps should a solutions architect take to meet these requirements? (Select TWO.)

Options:

A.

Store the static files on Amazon S3. Use Amazon CloudFront to cache objects at the edge.

B.

Store the static files on Amazon S3. Use Amazon ElastiCache to cache objects at the edge.

C.

Store the server-side code on Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS). Mount the EFS volume on each EC2 instance to share the files.

D.

Store the server-side code on Amazon FSx for Windows File Server. Mount the FSx for Windows File Server volume on each EC2 instance to share the files.

E.

Store the server-side code on a General Purpose SSD (gp2) Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volume. Mount the EBS volume on each EC2 instance to share the files.

Question 13

A company wants to configure its Amazon CloudFront distribution to use SSL/TLS certificates. The company does not want to use the default domain name for the distribution. Instead, the company wants to use a different domain name for the distribution.

Which solution will deploy the certificate with icurring any additional costs?

Options:

A.

Request an Amazon issued private certificate from AWS Certificate Manager (ACM) in the us-east-1 Region

B.

Request an Amazon issued private certificate from AWS Certificate Manager (ACM) in the us-west-1 Region.

C.

Request an Amazon issued public certificate from AWS Certificate Manager (ACU) in the us-east-1 Region

D.

Request an Amazon issued public certificate from AWS Certificate Manager (ACU) in the us-west-1 Regon.

Question 14

A company’s security team requests that network traffic be captured in VPC Flow Logs. The logs will be frequently accessed for 90 days and then accessed intermittently.

What should a solutions architect do to meet these requirements when configuring the logs?

Options:

A.

Use Amazon CloudWatch as the target. Set the CloudWatch log group with an expiration of 90 days

B.

Use Amazon Kinesis as the target. Configure the Kinesis stream to always retain the logs for 90 days.

C.

Use AWS CloudTrail as the target. Configure CloudTrail to save to an Amazon S3 bucket, and enable S3 Intelligent-Tiering.

D.

Use Amazon S3 as the target. Enable an S3 Lifecycle policy to transition the logs to S3 Standard-Infrequent Access (S3 Standard-IA) after 90 days.

Question 15

A company uses a payment processing system that requires messages for a particular payment ID to be received in the same order that they were sent Otherwise, the payments might be processed incorrectly.

Which actions should a solutions architect take to meet this requirement? (Select TWO.)

Options:

A.

Write the messages to an Amazon DynamoDB table with the payment ID as the partition key

B.

Write the messages to an Amazon Kinesis data stream with the payment ID as the partition key.

C.

Write the messages to an Amazon ElastiCache for Memcached cluster with the payment ID as the key

D.

Write the messages to an Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) queue Set the message attribute to use the payment ID

E.

Write the messages to an Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) FIFO queue. Set the message group to use the payment ID.

Question 16

A development team has launched a new application that is hosted on Amazon EC2 instances inside a development VPC. A solution architect needs to create a new VPC in the same account. The new VPC will be peered with the development VPC. The VPC CIDR block for the development VPC is 192. 168. 00/24. The solutions architect needs to create a CIDR block for the new VPC. The CIDR block must be valid for a VPC peering connection to the development VPC.

What is the SMALLEST CIOR block that meets these requirements?

Options:

A.

10.0.1.0/32

B.

192.168.0.0/24

C.

192.168.1.0/32

D.

10.0.1.0/24

Question 17

A company is building a mobile app on AWS. The company wants to expand its reach to millions of users The company needs to build a platform so that authorized users can watch the company's content on their mobile devices

What should a solutions architect recommend to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Publish content to a public Amazon S3 bucket. Use AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) keys to stream content.

B.

Set up IPsec VPN between the mobile app and the AWS environment to stream content

C.

Use Amazon CloudFront Provide signed URLs to stream content.

D.

Set up AWS Client VPN between the mobile app and the AWS environment to stream content.

Question 18

A company is planning to migrate a commercial off-the-shelf application from is on-premises data center to AWS. The software has a software licensing model using sockets and cores with predictable capacity and uptime requirements. The company wants to use its existing licenses, which were purchased earlier this year.

Which Amazon EC2 pricing option is the MOST cost-effective?

Options:

A.

Dedicated Reserved Hosts

B.

Dedicated On-Demand Hosts

C.

Dedicated Reserved Instances

D.

Dedicated On-Oemand Instances

Question 19

A solutions architect is creating a new VPC design There are two public subnets for the load balancer, two private subnets for web servers and two private subnets for MySQL The web servers use only HTTPS The solutions architect has already created a security group tor the load balancer allowing port 443 from 0 0 0 0/0 Company policy requires that each resource has the teas! access required to still be able to perform its tasks

Which additional configuration strategy should the solutions architect use to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Create a security group for the web servers and allow port 443 from 0.0.0.0/0 Create a security group for the MySQL servers and allow port 3306 from the web servers security group

B.

Create a network ACL for the web servers and allow port 443 from 0.0.0.0/0 Create a network ACL (or the MySQL servers and allow port 3306 from the web servers security group

C.

Create a security group for the web servers and allow port 443 from the load balancer Create a security group for the MySQL servers and allow port 3306 from the web servers security group

D.

Create a network ACL 'or the web servers and allow port 443 from the load balancer Create a network ACL for the MySQL servers and allow port 3306 from the web servers security group

Question 20

A company is running a publicly accessible serverless application that uses Amazon API Gateway and AWS Lambda. The application's traffic recently spiked due to fraudulent requests from botnets.

Which steps should a solutions architect take to block requests from unauthorized users? (Select TWO.)

Options:

A.

Create a usage plan with an API key that is shared with genuine users only.

B.

Integrate logic within the Lambda function to ignore the requests from fraudulent IP addresses.

C.

Implement an AWS WAF rule to target malicious requests and trigger actions to filter them out.

D.

Convert the existing public API to a private API. Update the DNS records to redirect users to the new API endpoint.

E.

Create an IAM role for each user attempting to access the API. A user will assume the role when making the API call.

Question 21

A company is building a data analysis platform on AWS by using AWS Lake Formation. The platform will ingest data from different sources such as Amazon S3 and Amazon RDS. The company needs a secure solution to prevent access to portions of the data that contain sensitive information.

Options:

A.

Create an IAM role that includes permissions to access Lake Formation tables.

B.

Create data filters to implement row-level security and cell-level security.

C.

Create an AWS Lambda function that removes sensitive information before Lake Formation ingests re data.

D.

Create an AWS Lambda function that perodically Queries and removes sensitive information from Lake Formation tables.

Question 22

A company needs to export its database once a day to Amazon S3 for other teams to access. The exported object size vanes between 2 GB and 5 GB. The S3 access pattern for the data is variable and changes rapidly. The data must be immediately available and must remain accessible for up to 3 months. The company needs the most cost-effective solution that will not increase retrieval time

Which S3 storage class should the company use to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

S3 Intelligent-Tiering

B.

S3 Glacier Instant Retrieval

C.

S3 Standard

D.

S3 Standard-Infrequent Access (S3 Standard-IA)

Question 23

A company is running a critical business application on Amazon EC2 instances behind an Application Load Balancer The EC2 instances run in an Auto Scaling group and access an Amazon RDS DB instance

The design did not pass an operational review because the EC2 instances and the DB instance are all located in a single Availability Zone A solutions architect must update the design to use a second Availability Zone

Which solution will make the application highly available?

Options:

A.

Provision a subnet in each Availability Zone Configure the Auto Scaling group to distribute the EC2 instances across both

Availability Zones Configure the DB instance with connections to each network

B.

Provision two subnets that extend across both Availability Zones Configure the Auto Scaling group to distribute the EC2 instances

across both Availability Zones Configure the DB instance with connections to each network

C.

Provision a subnet in each Availability Zone Configure the Auto Scaling group to distribute the EC2 instances across both Availability Zones Configure the DB instance for Multi-AZ deployment

D.

Provision a subnet that extends across both Availability Zones Configure the Auto Scaling group to distribute the EC2 instances

across both Availability Zones Configure the DB instance for Multi-AZ deployment

Question 24

A company must migrate 20 TB of data from a data center to the AWS Cloud within 30 days. The company's network bandwidth is limited to 15 Mbps and cannot exceed 70% utilization. What should a solutions architect do to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Use AWS Snowball.

B.

Use AWS DataSync.

C.

Use a secure VPN connection.

D.

Use Amazon S3 Transfer Acceleration.

Question 25

A company needs to create an Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (Amazon EKS) cluster to host a digital media streaming application. The EKS cluster will use a managed node group that is backed by Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volumes for storage. The company must encrypt all data at rest by using a customer managed key that is stored in AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS)

Which combination of actions will meet this requirement with the LEAST operational overhead? (Select TWO.)

Options:

A.

Use a Kubernetes plugin that uses the customer managed key to perform data encryption.

B.

After creation of the EKS cluster, locate the EBS volumes. Enable encryption by using the customer managed key.

C.

Enable EBS encryption by default in the AWS Region where the EKS cluster will be created. Select the customer managed key as the default key.

D.

Create the EKS cluster Create an IAM role that has cuwlicy that grants permission to the customer managed key. Associate the role with the EKS cluster.

E.

Store the customer managed key as a Kubernetes secret in the EKS cluster. Use the customer managed key to encrypt the EBS volumes.

Question 26

A company is designing a shared storage solution for a gaming application that is hosted in the AWS Cloud The company needs the ability to use SMB clients to access data solution must be fully managed.

Which AWS solution meets these requirements?

Options:

A.

Create an AWS DataSync task that shares the data as a mountable file system Mount the file system to the application server

B.

Create an Amazon EC2 Windows instance Install and configure a Windows file share role on the instance Connect the application server to the file share

C.

Create an Amazon FSx for Windows File Server file system Attach the file system to the origin server Connect the application server to the file system

D.

Create an Amazon S3 bucket Assign an IAM role to the application to grant access to the S3 bucket Mount the S3 bucket to the application server

Question 27

A company is using Amazon CloudFront with this website. The company has enabled logging on the CloudFront distribution, and logs are saved in one of the company's Amazon S3 buckets The company needs to perform advanced analyses on the logs and build visualizations

What should a solutions architect do to meet these requirements'?

Options:

A.

Use standard SQL queries in Amazon Athena to analyze the CloudFront togs in the S3 bucket Visualize the results with AWS Glue

B.

Use standard SQL queries in Amazon Athena to analyze the CloudFront togs in the S3 bucket Visualize the results with Amazon QuickSight

C.

Use standard SQL queries in Amazon DynamoDB to analyze the CloudFront logs m the S3 bucket Visualize the results with AWS Glue

D.

Use standard SQL queries in Amazon DynamoDB to analyze the CtoudFront logs m the S3 bucket Visualize the results with Amazon QuickSight

Question 28

A company has launched an Amazon RDS for MySQL D6 instance Most of the connections to the database come from serverless applications. Application traffic to the database changes significantly at random intervals At limes of high demand, users report that their applications experience database connection rejection errors.

Which solution will resolve this issue with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Create a proxy in RDS Proxy Configure the users' applications to use the DB instance through RDS Proxy

B.

Deploy Amazon ElastCache for Memcached between the users' application and the DB instance

C.

Migrate the DB instance to a different instance class that has higher I/O capacity. Configure the users' applications to use the new DB instance.

D.

Configure Multi-AZ for the DB instance Configure the users' application to switch between the DB instances.

Question 29

A company is designing a cloud communications platform that is driven by APIs. The application is hosted on Amazon EC2 instances behind a Network Load Balancer (NLB). The company uses Amazon API Gateway to provide external users with access to the application through APIs. The company wants to protect the platform against web exploits like SQL injection and also wants to detect and mitigate large, sophisticated DDoS attacks.

Which combination of solutions provides the MOST protection? (Select TWO.)

Options:

A.

Use AWS WAF to protect the NLB.

B.

Use AWS Shield Advanced with the NLB.

C.

Use AWS WAF to protect Amazon API Gateway.

D.

Use Amazon GuardDuty with AWS Shield Standard.

E.

Use AWS Shield Standard with Amazon API Gateway.

Question 30

A company runs an application on a large fleet of Amazon EC2 instances. The application reads and write entries into an Amazon DynamoDB table. The size of the DynamoDB table continuously grows, but the application needs only data from the last 30 days. The company needs a solution that minimizes cost and development effort.

Which solution meets these requirements?

Options:

A.

Use an AWS CloudFormation template to deploy the complete solution. Redeploy the CloudFormation stack every 30 days, and delete the original stack.

B.

Use an EC2 instance that runs a monitoring application from AWS Marketplace. Configure the monitoring application to use Amazon DynamoDB Streams to store the timestamp when a new item is created in the table. Use a script that runs on the EC2 instance to delete items that have a timestamp that is older than 30 days.

C.

Configure Amazon DynamoDB Streams to invoke an AWS Lambda function when a new item is created in the table. Configure the Lambda function to delete items in the table that are older than 30 days.

D.

Extend the application to add an attribute that has a value of the current timestamp plus 30 days to each new item that is created in the table. Configure DynamoDB to use the attribute as the TTL attribute.

Question 31

A company is deploying a two-tier web application in a VPC. The web tier is using an Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling group with public subnets that span multiple Availability Zones. The database tier consists of an Amazon RDS for MySQL DB instance in separate private subnets. The web tier requires access to the database to retrieve product information.

The web application is not working as intended. The web application reports that it cannot connect to the database. The database is confirmed to be up and running. All configurations for the network ACLs. security groups, and route tables are still in their default states.

What should a solutions architect recommend to fix the application?

Options:

A.

Add an explicit rule to the private subnet's network ACL to allow traffic from the web tier's EC2 instances.

B.

Add a route in the VPC route table to allow traffic between the web tier's EC2 instances and Ihe database tier.

C.

Deploy the web tier's EC2 instances and the database tier's RDS instance into two separate VPCs. and configure VPC peering.

D.

Add an inbound rule to the security group of the database tier's RDS instance to allow traffic from the web tier's security group.

Question 32

A company hosts a web application on multiple Amazon EC2 instances The EC2 instances are in an Auto Scaling group that scales in response to user demand The company wants to optimize cost savings without making a long-term commitment

Which EC2 instance purchasing option should a solutions architect recommend to meet these requirements'?

Options:

A.

Dedicated Instances only

B.

On-Demand Instances only

C.

A mix of On-Demand instances and Spot Instances

D.

A mix of On-Demand instances and Reserved instances

Question 33

A company is hosting a web application from an Amazon S3 bucket. The application uses Amazon Cognito as an identity provider lo authenticate users and return a JSON Web Token (JWT) that provides access to protected resources that am restored in another S3 bucket.

Upon deployment of the application, users report errors and are unable to access the protected content. A solutions architect must resolve this issue by providing proper permissions so that users can access the protected content.

Which solution meets these requirements?

Options:

A.

Update the Amazon Cognito identity pool to assume the proper IAM role for access to the protected consent.

B.

Update the S3 ACL to allow the application to access the protected content

C.

Redeploy the application to Amazon 33 to prevent eventually consistent reads m the S3 bucket from affecting the ability of users to access the protected content.

D.

Update the Amazon Cognito pool to use custom attribute mappings within tie Identity pool and grant users the proper permissions to access the protected content

Question 34

A company uses Amazon EC2 instances and AWS Lambda functions to run its application. The company has VPCs with public subnets and private subnets in its AWS account. The EC2 instances run in a private subnet in one of the VPCs. The Lambda functions need direct network access to the EC2 instances for the application to work.

The application will run for at least 1 year. The company expects the number of Lambda functions that the application uses to increase during that time. The company wants to maximize its savings on all application resources and to keep network latency between the services low.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Purchase on an EC2 instance Savings Plan. Optimize the Lambda functions duration and memory usage and the number of invocations. Connect the Lambda functions to the private subnet that contains the EC2 instances.

B.

Purchase on an EC2 instance Savings Plan. Optimize the Lambda functions duration and memory usage and the number of invocation, and the amount of data that is transfered. Connect the Lambda functions to a public subnet in the same VPC where the EC2 instances run.

C.

Purchase a Compute Savings Plan. Optimize the Lambda functions duration and memory usage, the number of invocations, and the amount of data that is transferred Connect the Lambda function to the Private subnet that contains the EC2 instances.

D.

Purchase a Compute Savings Plan. Optimize the Lambda functions‘ duration and memory usage, the number of invocations, and the amount of data that is transferred Keep the Lambda functions in the Lambda service VPC.

Question 35

A company wants to use Amazon S3 for the secondary copy of its on-premises dataset. The company would rarely need to access this copy. The storage solution’s cost should be minimal.

Which storage solution meets these requirements?

Options:

A.

S3 Standard

B.

S3 Intelligent-Tiering

C.

S3 Standard-Infrequent Access (S3 Standard-IA)

D.

S3 One Zone-Infrequent Access (S3 One Zone-IA)

Question 36

A solution architect needs to assign a new microsoft for a company’s application. Clients must be able to call an HTTPS endpoint to reach the micoservice. The microservice also must use AWS identity and Access Management (IAM) to authentication calls. The soltions architect will write the logic for this microservice by using a single AWS Lambda function that is written in Go 1.x.

Which solution will deploy the function in the in the MOST operationally efficient way?

Options:

A.

Create an Amazon API Gateway REST API. Configure the method to use the Lambda function. Enable IAM authentication on the API.

B.

Create a Lambda function URL for the function. Specify AWS_IAM as the authentication type.

C.

Create an Amazon CloudFront distribution. Deploy the function to Lambda@Edge. Integrate IAM authentication logic into the Lambda@Edge function.

D.

Create an Amazon CloudFront distribuion. Deploy the function to CloudFront Functions. Specify AWS_IAM as the authentication type.

Question 37

A company is developing a new mobile app. The company must implement proper traffic filtering to protect its Application Load Balancer (ALB) against common application-level attacks, such as cross-site scripting or SQL injection. The company has minimal infrastructure and operational staff. The company needs to reduce its share of the responsibility in managing, updating, and securing servers for its AWS environment.

What should a solutions architect recommend to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Configure AWS WAF rules and associate them with the ALB.

B.

Deploy the application using Amazon S3 with public hosting enabled.

C.

Deploy AWS Shield Advanced and add the ALB as a protected resource.

D.

Create a new ALB that directs traffic to an Amazon EC2 instance running a third-party firewall, which then passes the traffic to the current ALB.

Question 38

A company uses a legacy application to produce data in CSV format The legacy application stores the output data In Amazon S3 The company is deploying a new commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) application that can perform complex SQL queries to analyze data that is stored Amazon Redshift and Amazon S3 only However the COTS application cannot process the csv files that the legacy application produces The company cannot update the legacy application to produce data in another format The company needs to implement a solution so that the COTS application can use the data that the legacy applicator produces.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Create a AWS Glue extract, transform, and load (ETL) job that runs on a schedule. Configure the ETL job to process the .csv files and store the processed data in Amazon Redshit.

B.

Develop a Python script that runs on Amazon EC2 instances to convert the. csv files to sql files invoke the Python script on cron schedule to store the output files in Amazon S3.

C.

Create an AWS Lambda function and an Amazon DynamoDB table. Use an S3 event to invoke the Lambda function. Configure the Lambda function to perform an extract transform, and load (ETL) job to process the .csv files and store the processed data in the DynamoDB table.

D.

Use Amazon EventBridge (Amazon CloudWatch Events) to launch an Amazon EMR cluster on a weekly schedule. Configure the EMR cluster to perform an extract, tractform, and load (ETL) job to process the .csv files and store the processed data in an Amazon Redshift table.

Question 39

A company is deploying a new application on Amazon EC2 instances. The application writes data to Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volumes. The company needs to ensure that all data that is written to the EBS volumes is encrypted at rest.

Which solution wil meet this requirement?

Options:

A.

Create an IAM role that specifies EBS encryption. Attach the role to the EC2 instances.

B.

Create the EBS volumes as encrypted volumes Attach the EBS volumes to the EC2 instances.

C.

Create an EC2 instance tag that has a key of Encrypt and a value of True. Tag all instances that require encryption at the ESS level.

D.

Create an AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) key policy that enforces EBS encryption in the account Ensure that the key policy is active.

Question 40

A company wants to restrict access to the content of one of its man web applications and to protect the content by using authorization techniques available on AWS. The company wants to implement a serverless architecture end an authentication solution for fewer tian 100 users. The solution needs to integrate with the main web application and serve web content globally. The solution must also scale as to company's user base grows while providing lowest login latency possible.

Options:

A.

Use Amazon Cognito tor authentication. Use Lambda#Edge tor authorization Use Amazon CloudFront 10 serve the web application globally

B.

Use AWS Directory Service for Microsoft Active Directory tor authentication Use AWS Lambda for authorization Use an Application Load Balancer to serve the web application globally

C.

Usa Amazon Cognito for authentication Use AWS Lambda tor authorization Use Amazon S3 Transfer Acceleration 10 serve the web application globally.

D.

Use AWS Directory Service for Microsoft Active Directory for authentication Use Lambda@Edge for authorization Use AWS Elastic Beanstalk to serve the web application.

Question 41

A company runs a public three-Tier web application in a VPC The application runs on Amazon EC2 instances across multiple Availability Zones. The EC2 instances that run in private subnets need to communicate with a license server over the internet The company needs a managed solution that minimizes operational maintenance

Which solution meets these requirements''

Options:

A.

Provision a NAT instance in a public subnet Modify each private subnets route table with a default route that points to the NAT instance

B.

Provision a NAT instance in a private subnet Modify each private subnet's route table with a default route that points to the NAT instance

C.

Provision a NAT gateway in a public subnet Modify each private subnet's route table with a default route that points to the NAT gateway

D.

Provision a NAT gateway in a private subnet Modify each private subnet's route table with a default route that points to the NAT gateway

Question 42

A company's facility has badge readers at every entrance throughout the building. When badges are scanned, the readers send a message over HTTPS to indicate who attempted to access that particular entrance.

A solutions architect must design a system to process these messages from the sensors. The solution must be highly available, and the results must be made available for the company's security team to analyze.

Which system architecture should the solutions architect recommend?

Options:

A.

Launch an Amazon EC2 instance to serve as the HTTPS endpoint and to process the messages Configure the EC2 instance to save the results to an Amazon S3 bucket.

B.

Create an HTTPS endpoint in Amazon API Gateway. Configure the API Gateway endpoint to invoke an AWS Lambda function to process the messages and save the results to an Amazon DynamoDB table.

C.

Use Amazon Route 53 to direct incoming sensor messages to an AWS Lambda function. Configure the Lambda function to process the messages and save the results to an Amazon DynamoDB table.

D.

Create a gateway VPC endpoint for Amazon S3. Configure a Site-to-Site VPN connection from the facility network to the VPC so that sensor data can be written directly to an S3 bucket by way of the VPC endpoint.

Question 43

A company selves a dynamic website from a flee! of Amazon EC2 instances behind an Application Load Balancer (ALB) The website needs to support multiple languages to serve customers around the world The website's architecture is running in the us-west-1 Region and is exhibiting high request latency tor users that are located in other parts of the world

The website needs to serve requests quickly and efficiently regardless of a user's location However the company does not want to recreate the existing architecture across multiple Regions

What should a solutions architect do to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Replace the existing architecture with a website that is served from an Amazon S3 bucket Configure an Amazon CloudFront distribution with the S3 bucket as the origin Set the cache behavior settings to cache based on the Accept-Language request header

B.

Configure an Amazon CloudFront distribution with the ALB as the origin Set the cache behavior settings to cache based on the Accept-Language request header

C.

Create an Amazon API Gateway API that is integrated with the ALB Configure the API to use the HTTP integration type Set up an API Gateway stage to enable the API cache based on the Accept-Language request header

D.

Launch an EC2 instance in each additional Region and configure NGINX to act as a cache server for that Region Put all the EC2 instances and the ALB behind an Amazon Route 53 record set with a geolocation routing policy

Question 44

A company has an application that collects data from loT sensors on automobiles. The data is streamed and stored in Amazon S3 through Amazon Kinesis Date Firehose The data produces trillions of S3 objects each year. Each morning, the company uses the data from the previous 30 days to retrain a suite of machine learning (ML) models.

Four times each year, the company uses the data from the previous 12 months to perform analysis and train other ML models The data must be available with minimal delay for up to 1 year. After 1 year, the data must be retained for archival purposes.

Which storage solution meets these requirements MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Use the S3 Intelligent-Tiering storage class. Create an S3 Lifecycle policy to transition objects to S3 Glacier Deep Archive after 1 year

B.

Use the S3 Intelligent-Tiering storage class. Configure S3 Intelligent-Tiering to automatically move objects to S3 Glacier Deep Archive after 1 year.

C.

Use the S3 Standard-Infrequent Access (S3 Standard-IA) storage class. Create an S3 Lifecycle policy to transition objects to S3 Glacier Deep Archive after 1 year.

D.

Use the S3 Standard storage class. Create an S3 Lifecycle policy to transition objects to S3 Standard-Infrequent Access (S3 Standard-IA) after 30 days, and then to S3 Glacier Deep Archive after 1 year.

Question 45

A company hosts a marketing website in an on-premises data center. The website consists of static documents and runs on a single server. An administrator updates the website content infrequently and uses an SFTP client to upload new documents.

The company decides to host its website on AWS and to use Amazon CloudFront. The company's solutions architect creates a CloudFront distribution. The solutions architect must design the most cost-effective and resilient architecture for website hosting to serve as the CloudFront origin.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Create a virtual server by using Amazon Lightsail. Configure the web server in the Lightsail instance. Upload website content by using an SFTP client.

B.

Create an AWS Auto Scaling group for Amazon EC2 instances. Use an Application Load Balancer. Upload website content by using an SFTP client.

C.

Create a private Amazon S3 bucket. Use an S3 bucket policy to allow access from a CloudFront origin access identity (OAI). Upload website content by using theAWSCLI.

D.

Create a public Amazon S3 bucket. Configure AWS Transfer for SFTP. Configure the S3 bucket for website hosting. Upload website content by using the SFTP client.

Question 46

A company stores its data objects in Amazon S3 Standard storage. A solutions architect has found that 75% of the data is rarely accessed after 30 days. The company needs all the data to remain immediately accessible with the same high availability and resiliency, but the company wants to minimize storage costs.

Which storage solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Move the data objects to S3 Glacier Deep Archive after 30 days.

B.

Move the data objects to S3 Standard-Infrequent Access (S3 Standard-IA) after 30 days.

C.

Move the data objects to S3 One Zone-Infrequent Access (S3 One Zone-IA) after 30 days.

D.

Move the data objects to S3 One Zone-Infrequent Access (S3 One Zone-IA) immediately.

Question 47

A company has an API that receives real-time data from a fleet of monitoring devices. The API stores this data in an Amazon RDS DB instance for later analysis. The amount of data that the monitoring devices send to the API fluctuates. During periods of heavy traffic, the API often returns timeout errors.

After an inspection of the logs, the company determines that the database is not capable of processing the volume of write traffic that comes from the API. A solutions architect must minimize the number of connections to the database and must ensure that data is not lost during periods of heavy traffic.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Increase the size of the DB instance to an instance type that has more available memory.

B.

Modify the DB instance to be a Multi-AZ DB instance. Configure the application to write to all active RDS DB instances.

C.

Modify the API to write incoming data to an Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) queue. Use an AWS Lambda function that Amazon SQS invokes to write data from the queue to the database.

D.

Modify the API to write incoming data to an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic. Use an AWS Lambda function that Amazon SNS invokes to write data from the topic to the database.

Question 48

A company is using AWS to design a web application that will process insurance quotes Users will request quotes from the application Quotes must be separated by quote type, must be responded to within 24 hours, and must not get lost The solution must maximize operational efficiency and must minimize maintenance. Which solution meets these requirements?

Options:

A.

Create multiple Amazon Kinesis data streams based on the quote type Configure the web application to send messages to the proper data stream Configure each backend group of application servers to use the Kinesis Client Library (KCL) to pool messages from its own data stream

B.

Create an AWS Lambda function and an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic for each quote type Subscribe the Lambda function to its associated SNS topic Configure the application to publish requests tot quotes to the appropriate SNS topic

C.

Create a single Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic Subscribe Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) queues to the SNS topic Configure SNS message filtering to publish messages to the proper SQS queue based on the quote type Configure each backend application server to use its own SQS queue

D.

Create multiple Amazon Kinesis Data Firehose delivery streams based on the quote type to deliver data streams to an Amazon Elasucsearch Service (Amazon ES) cluster Configure the application to send messages to the proper delivery stream Configure each backend group of application servers to search for the messages from Amazon ES and process them accordingly

Question 49

A company is launching a new application deployed on an Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) cluster and is using the Fargate launch type tor ECS tasks The company is monitoring CPU and memory usage because it is expecting high traffic to the application upon its launch However the company wants to reduce costs when utilization decreases

What should a solutions architect recommend?

Options:

A.

Use Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling to scale at certain periods based on previous traffic patterns

B.

Use an AWS Lambda function to scale Amazon ECS based on metric breaches that trigger an Amazon CloudWatch alarm

C.

Use Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling with simple scaling policies to scale when ECS metric breaches trigger an Amazon CloudWatch alarm

D.

Use AWS Application Auto Scaling with target tracking policies to scale when ECS metric breaches trigger an Amazon CloudWatch alarm

Question 50

A company is using Amazon Route 53 latency-based routing to route requests to its UDP-based application for users around the world. The application is hosted on redundant servers in the company's on-premises data centers in the United States. Asia, and Europe. The company's compliance requirements state that the application must be hosted on premises The company wants to improve the performance and availability of the application

What should a solutions architect do to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

A Configure three Network Load Balancers (NLBs) in the three AWS Regions to address the on-premises endpoints Create an accelerator by using AWS Global Accelerator, and register the NLBs as its endpoints. Provide access to the application by using a CNAME that points to the accelerator DNS

B.

Configure three Application Load Balancers (ALBs) in the three AWS Regions to address the on-premises endpoints. Create an accelerator by using AWS Global Accelerator and register the ALBs as its endpoints Provide access to the application by using a CNAME that points to the accelerator DNS

C.

Configure three Network Load Balancers (NLBs) in the three AWS Regions to address the on-premises endpoints In Route 53. create a latency-based record that points to the three NLBs. and use it as an origin for an Amazon CloudFront distribution Provide access to the application by using a CNAME that points to the CloudFront DNS

D.

Configure three Application Load Balancers (ALBs) in the three AWS Regions to address the on-premises endpoints In Route 53 create a latency-based record that points to the three ALBs and use it as an origin for an Amazon CloudFront distribution- Provide access to the application by using a CNAME that points to the CloudFront DNS

Question 51

A company hosts an application on AWS Lambda functions mat are invoked by an Amazon API Gateway API The Lambda functions save customer data to an Amazon Aurora MySQL database Whenever the company upgrades the database, the Lambda functions fail to establish database connections until the upgrade is complete The result is that customer data Is not recorded for some of the event

A solutions architect needs to design a solution that stores customer data that is created during database upgrades

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Provision an Amazon RDS proxy to sit between the Lambda functions and the database Configure the Lambda functions to connect to the RDS proxy

B.

Increase the run time of me Lambda functions to the maximum Create a retry mechanism in the code that stores the customer data in the database

C.

Persist the customer data to Lambda local storage. Configure new Lambda functions to scan the local storage to save the customer data to the database.

D.

Store the customer data m an Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SOS) FIFO queue Create a new Lambda function that polls the queue and stores the customer data in the database

Question 52

A company wants to migrate its on-premises application to AWS. The application produces output files that vary in size from tens of gigabytes to hundreds of terabytes The application data must be stored in a standard file system structure The company wants a solution that scales automatically, is highly available, and requires minimum operational overhead.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Migrate the application to run as containers on Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) Use Amazon S3 for storage

B.

Migrate the application to run as containers on Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (Amazon EKS) Use Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) for storage

C.

Migrate the application to Amazon EC2 instances in a Multi-AZ Auto Scaling group. Use Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS) for storage.

D.

Migrate the application to Amazon EC2 instances in a Multi-AZ Auto Scaling group. Use Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) for storage.

Question 53

A company has an on-premises application that generates a large amount of time-sensitive data that is backed up to Amazon S3. The application has grown and there are user complaints about internet bandwidth limitations. A solutions architect needs to design a long-term solution that allows for both timely backups to Amazon S3 and with minimal impact on internet connectivity for internal users.

Which solution meets these requirements?

Options:

A.

Establish AWS VPN connections and proxy all traffic through a VPC gateway endpoint

B.

Establish a new AWS Direct Connect connection and direct backup traffic through this new connection.

C.

Order daily AWS Snowball devices Load the data onto the Snowball devices and return the devices to AWS each day.

D.

Submit a support ticket through the AWS Management Console Request the removal of S3 service limits from the account.

Question 54

An image-processing company has a web application that users use to upload images. The application uploads the images into an Amazon S3 bucket. The company has set up S3 event notifications to publish the object creation events to an Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) standard queue. The SQS queue serves as the event source for an AWS Lambda function that processes the images and sends the results to users through email.

Users report that they are receiving multiple email messages for every uploaded image. A solutions architect determines that SQS messages are invoking the Lambda function more than once, resulting in multiple email messages.

What should the solutions architect do to resolve this issue with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Set up long polling in the SQS queue by increasing the ReceiveMessage wait time to 30 seconds.

B.

Change the SQS standard queue to an SQS FIFO queue. Use the message deduplication ID to discard duplicate messages.

C.

Increase the visibility timeout in the SQS queue to a value that is greater than the total of the function timeout and the batch window timeout.

D.

Modify the Lambda function to delete each message from the SQS queue immediately after the message is read before processing.

Question 55

A company has a website hosted on AWS. The website is behind an Application Load Balancer (ALB) that is configured to handle HTTP and HTTPS separately. The company wants to forward all requests to the website so that the requests will use HTTPS.

What should a solutions architect do to meet this requirement?

Options:

A.

Update the ALB's network ACL to accept only HTTPS traffic

B.

Create a rule that replaces the HTTP in the URL with HTTPS.

C.

Create a listener rule on the ALB to redirect HTTP traffic to HTTPS.

D.

Replace the ALB with a Network Load Balancer configured to use Server Name Indication (SNI).

Question 56

A company is running an SMB file server in its data center. The file server stores large files that are accessed frequently for the first few days after the files are created. After 7 days the files are rarely accessed.

The total data size is increasing and is close to the company's total storage capacity. A solutions architect must increase the company's available storage space without losing low-latency access to the most recently accessed files. The solutions architect must also provide file lifecycle management to avoid future storage issues.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Use AWS DataSync to copy data that is older than 7 days from the SMB file server to AWS.

B.

Create an Amazon S3 File Gateway to extend the company's storage space. Create an S3 Lifecycle policy to transition the data to S3 Glacier Deep Archive after 7 days.

C.

Create an Amazon FSx for Windows File Server file system to extend the company's storage space.

D.

Install a utility on each user's computer to access Amazon S3. Create an S3 Lifecycle policy to transition the data to S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval after 7 days.

Question 57

An Amazon EC2 administrator created the following policy associated with an IAM group containing several users

What is the effect of this policy?

Options:

A.

Users can terminate an EC2 instance in any AWS Region except us-east-1.

B.

Users can terminate an EC2 instance with the IP address 10 100 100 1 in the us-east-1 Region

C.

Users can terminate an EC2 instance in the us-east-1 Region when the user's source IP is 10.100.100.254.

D.

Users cannot terminate an EC2 instance in the us-east-1 Region when the user's source IP is 10.100 100 254

Question 58

A company's application integrates with multiple software-as-a-service (SaaS) sources for data collection. The company runs Amazon EC2 instances to receive the data and to upload the data to an Amazon S3 bucket for analysis. The same EC2 instance that receives and uploads the data also sends a notification to the user when an upload is complete. The company has noticed slow application performance and wants to improve the performance as much as possible.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Create an Auto Scaling group so that EC2 instances can scale out. Configure an S3 event notification to send events to an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic when the upload to the S3 bucket is complete.

B.

Create an Amazon AppFlow flow to transfer data between each SaaS source and the S3 bucket. Configure an S3 event notification to send events to an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic when the upload to the S3 bucket is complete.

C.

Create an Amazon EventBridge (Amazon CloudWatch Events) rule for each SaaS source to send output data. Configure the S3 bucket as the rule's target. Create a second EventBridge (CloudWatch Events) rule to send events when the upload to the S3 bucket is complete. Configure an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic as the second rule's target.

D.

Create a Docker container to use instead of an EC2 instance. Host the containerized application on Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS). Configure Amazon CloudWatch Container Insights to send events to an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic when the upload to the S3 bucket is complete.

Question 59

An application runs on an Amazon EC2 instance in a VPC. The application processes logs that are stored in an Amazon S3 bucket. The EC2 instance needs to access the S3 bucket without connectivity to the internet.

Which solution will provide private network connectivity to Amazon S3?

Options:

A.

Create a gateway VPC endpoint to the S3 bucket.

B.

Stream the logs to Amazon CloudWatch Logs. Export the logs to the S3 bucket.

C.

Create an instance profile on Amazon EC2 to allow S3 access.

D.

Create an Amazon API Gateway API with a private link to access the S3 endpoint.

Question 60

A solutions architect is developing a multiple-subnet VPC architecture. The solution will consist of six subnets in two Availability Zones. The subnets are defined as public, private and dedicated for databases. Only the Amazon EC2 instances running in the private subnets should be able to access a database.

Which solution meets these requirements?

Options:

A.

Create a now route table that excludes the route to the public subnets' CIDR blocks. Associate the route table to the database subnets.

B.

Create a security group that denies ingress from the security group used by instances in the public subnets. Attach the security group to an Amazon RDS DB instance.

C.

Create a security group that allows ingress from the security group used by instances in the private subnets. Attach the security group to an Amazon RDS DB instance.

D.

Create a new peering connection between the public subnets and the private subnets. Create a different peering connection between the private subnets and the database subnets.

Question 61

A company recently launched Linux-based application instances on Amazon EC2 in a private subnet and launched a Linux-based bastion host on an Amazon EC2 instance in a public subnet of a VPC A solutions architect needs to connect from the on-premises network, through the company's internet connection to the bastion host and to the application servers The solutions architect must make sure that the security groups of all the EC2 instances will allow that access

Which combination of steps should the solutions architect take to meet these requirements? (Select TWO)

Options:

A.

Replace the current security group of the bastion host with one that only allows inbound access from the application instances

B.

Replace the current security group of the bastion host with one that only allows inbound access from the internal IP range for the company

C.

Replace the current security group of the bastion host with one that only allows inbound access from the external IP range for the company

D.

Replace the current security group of the application instances with one that allows inbound SSH access from only the private IP address of the bastion host

E.

Replace the current security group of the application instances with one that allows inbound SSH access from only the public IP address of the bastion host

Question 62

A company is migrating a distributed application to AWS The application serves variable workloads The legacy platform consists of a primary server trial coordinates jobs across multiple compute nodes The company wants to modernize the application with a solution that maximizes resiliency and scalability.

How should a solutions architect design the architecture to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Configure an Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) queue as a destination for the jobs Implement the compute nodes with Amazon EC2 instances that are managed in an Auto Scaling group. Configure EC2 Auto Scaling to use scheduled scaling

B.

Configure an Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) queue as a destination for the jobs Implement the compute nodes with Amazon EC2 Instances that are managed in an Auto Scaling group Configure EC2 Auto Scaling based on the size of the queue

C.

Implement the primary server and the compute nodes with Amazon EC2 instances that are managed In an Auto Scaling group. Configure AWS CloudTrail as a destination for the fobs Configure EC2 Auto Scaling based on the load on the primary server

D.

implement the primary server and the compute nodes with Amazon EC2 instances that are managed in an Auto Scaling group Configure Amazon EventBridge (Amazon CloudWatch Events) as a destination for the jobs Configure EC2 Auto Scaling based on the load on the compute nodes

Question 63

A company is planning to use an Amazon DynamoDB table for data storage. The company is concerned about cost optimization. The table will not be used on most mornings. In the evenings, the read and write traffic will often be unpredictable. When traffic spikes occur, they will happen very quickly.

What should a solutions architect recommend?

Options:

A.

Create a DynamoDB table in on-demand capacity mode.

B.

Create a DynamoDB table with a global secondary index.

C.

Create a DynamoDB table with provisioned capacity and auto scaling.

D.

Create a DynamoDB table in provisioned capacity mode, and configure it as a global table.

Question 64

A company observes an increase in Amazon EC2 costs in its most recent bill The billing team notices unwanted vertical scaling of instance types for a couple of EC2 instances A solutions architect needs to create a graph comparing the last 2 months of EC2 costs and perform an in-depth analysis to identify the root cause of the vertical scaling

How should the solutions architect generate the information with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Use AWS Budgets to create a budget report and compare EC2 costs based on instance types

B.

Use Cost Explorer's granular filtering feature to perform an in-depth analysis of EC2 costs based on instance types

C.

Use graphs from the AWS Billing and Cost Management dashboard to compare EC2 costs based on instance types for the last 2 months

D.

Use AWS Cost and Usage Reports to create a report and send it to an Amazon S3 bucket Use Amazon QuickSight with Amazon S3 as a source to generate an interactive graph based on instance types.

Question 65

A company recently migrated a message processing system to AWS. The system receives messages into an ActiveMQ queue running on an Amazon EC2 instance. Messages are processed by a consumer application running on Amazon EC2. The consumer application processes the messages and writes results to a MySQL database funning on Amazon EC2. The company wants this application to be highly available with tow operational complexity

Which architecture otters the HGHEST availability?

Options:

A.

Add a second ActiveMQ server to another Availably Zone Add an additional consumer EC2 instance in another Availability Zone. Replicate the MySQL database to another Availability Zone.

B.

Use Amazon MO with active/standby brokers configured across two Availability Zones Add an additional consumer EC2 instance in another Availability Zone. Replicate the MySQL database to another Availability Zone.

C.

Use Amazon MO with active/standby blotters configured across two Availability Zones. Add an additional consumer EC2 instance in another Availability Zone. Use Amazon ROS tor MySQL with Multi-AZ enabled.

D.

Use Amazon MQ with active/standby brokers configured across two Availability Zones Add an Auto Scaling group for the consumer EC2 instances across two Availability Zones. Use Amazon RDS for MySQL with Multi-AZ enabled.

Question 66

A solutions architect is designing a new hybrid architecture to extend a company s on-premises infrastructure to AWS The company requires a highly available connection with consistent low latency to an AWS Region. The company needs to minimize costs and is willing to accept slower traffic if the primary connection fails.

What should the solutions architect do to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Provision an AWS Direct Connect connection to a Region Provision a VPN connection as a backup if the primary Direct Connect connection fails.

B.

Provision a VPN tunnel connection to a Region for private connectivity. Provision a second VPN tunnel for private connectivity and as a backup if the primary VPN connection fails.

C.

Provision an AWS Direct Connect connection to a Region Provision a second Direct Connect connection to the same Region as a backup if the primary Direct Connect connection fails.

D.

Provision an AWS Direct Connect connection to a Region Use the Direct Connect failover attribute from the AWS CLI to automatically create a backup connection if the primary Direct Connect connection fails.

Question 67

A company is building an application in the AWS Cloud. The application will store data in Amazon S3 buckets in two AWS Regions. The company must use an AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) customer managed key to encrypt all data that is stored in the S3 buckets. The data in both S3 buckets must be encrypted and decrypted with the same KMS key. The data and the key must be stored in each of the two Regions.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Create an S3 bucket in each Region Configure the S3 buckets to use server-side encryption with Amazon S3 managed encryption keys (SSE-S3) Configure replication between the S3 buckets.

B.

Create a customer managed multi-Region KMS key. Create an S3 bucket in each Region. Configure replication between the S3 buckets. Configure the application to use the KMS key with client-side encryption.

C.

Create a customer managed KMS key and an S3 bucket in each Region Configure the S3 buckets to use server-side encryption with Amazon S3 managed encryption keys (SSE-S3) Configure replication between the S3 buckets.

D.

Create a customer managed KMS key and an S3 bucket m each Region Configure the S3 buckets to use server-side encryption with AWS KMS keys (SSE-KMS) Configure replication between the S3 buckets.

Question 68

A development team needs to host a website that will be accessed by other teams. The website contents consist of HTML, CSS, client-side JavaScript, and images Which method is the MOST cost-effective for hosting the website?

Options:

A.

Containerize the website and host it in AWS Fargate.

B.

Create an Amazon S3 bucket and host the website there

C.

Deploy a web server on an Amazon EC2 instance to host the website.

D.

Configure an Application Loa d Balancer with an AWS Lambda target that uses the Express js framework.

Question 69

A company's dynamic website is hosted using on-premises servers in the United States. The company is launching its product in Europe, and it wants to optimize site loading times for new European users. The site's backend must remain in the United States. The product is being launched in a few days, and an immediate solution is needed.

What should the solutions architect recommend?

Options:

A.

Launch an Amazon EC2 instance in us-east-1 and migrate the site to it.

B.

Move the website to Amazon S3. Use cross-Region replication between Regions.

C.

Use Amazon CloudFront with a custom origin pointing to the on-premises servers.

D.

Use an Amazon Route 53 geo-proximity routing policy pointing to on-premises servers.

Question 70

A social media company allows users to upload images to its website. The website runs on Amazon EC2 instances. During upload requests, the website resizes the images to a standard size and stores the resized images in Amazon S3. Users are experiencing slow upload requests to the website.

The company needs to reduce coupling within the application and improve website performance. A solutions architect must design the most operationally efficient process for image uploads.

Which combination of actions should the solutions architect take to meet these requirements? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

Configure the application to upload images to S3 Glacier.

B.

Configure the web server to upload the original images to Amazon S3.

C.

Configure the application to upload images directly from each user's browser to Amazon S3 through the use of a presigned URL.

D.

Configure S3 Event Notifications to invoke an AWS Lambda function when an image is uploaded. Use the function to resize the image

E.

Create an Amazon EventBridge (Amazon CloudWatch Events) rule that invokes an AWS Lambda function on a schedule to resize uploaded images.

Question 71

A company's containerized application runs on an Amazon EC2 instance. The application needs to download security certificates before it can communicate with other business applications. The company wants a highly secure solution to encrypt and decrypt the certificates in near real time. The solution also needs to store data in highly available storage after the data is encrypted.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Create AWS Secrets Manager secrets for encrypted certificates. Manually update the certificates as needed. Control access to the data by using fine-grained IAM access.

B.

Create an AWS Lambda function that uses the Python cryptography library to receive and perform encryption operations. Store the function in an Amazon S3 bucket.

C.

Create an AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) customer managed key. Allow the EC2 role to use the KMS key for encryption operations. Store the encrypted data on Amazon S3.

D.

Create an AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) customer managed key. Allow the EC2 role to use the KMS key for encryption operations. Store the encrypted data on Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volumes.

Question 72

A company recently signed a contract with an AWS Managed Service Provider (MSP) Partner for help with an application migration initiative. A solutions architect needs to share an Amazon Machine Image (AMI) from an existing AWS account with the MSP Partner's AWS account. The AMI is backed by Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) and uses a customer managed customer master key (CMK) to encrypt EBS volume snapshots.

What is the MOST secure way for the solutions architect to share the AMI with the MSP Partner's AWS account?

Options:

A.

Make the encrypted AMI and snapshots publicly available. Modify the CMK's key policy to allow the MSP Partner's AWS account to use the key

B.

Modify the launchPermission property of the AMI. Share the AMI with the MSP Partner's AWS account only. Modify the CMK's key policy to allow the MSP Partner's AWS account to use the key.

C.

Modify the launchPermission property of the AMI Share the AMI with the MSP Partner's AWS account only. Modify the CMK's key policy to trust a new CMK that is owned by the MSP Partner for encryption.

D.

Export the AMI from the source account to an Amazon S3 bucket in the MSP Partner's AWS account. Encrypt the S3 bucket with a CMK that is owned by the MSP Partner Copy and launch the AMI in the MSP Partner's AWS account.

Question 73

A company is storing backup files by using Amazon S3 Standard storage. The files are accessed frequently for 1 month. However, the files are not accessed after 1 month. The company must keep the files indefinitely.

Which storage solution will meet these requirements MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Configure S3 Intelligent-Tiering to automatically migrate objects.

B.

Create an S3 Lifecycle configuration to transition objects from S3 Standard to S3 Glacier Deep Archive after 1 month.

C.

Create an S3 Lifecycle configuration to transition objects from S3 Standard to S3 Standard-Infrequent Access (S3 Standard-IA) after 1 month.

D.

Create an S3 Lifecycle configuration to transition objects from S3 Standard to S3 One Zone-Infrequent Access (S3 One Zone-IA) after 1 month.

Question 74

A company needs to keep user transaction data in an Amazon DynamoDB table.

The company must retain the data for 7 years.

What is the MOST operationally efficient solution that meets these requirements?

Options:

A.

Use DynamoDB point-in-time recovery to back up the table continuously.

B.

Use AWS Backup to create backup schedules and retention policies for the table.

C.

Create an on-demand backup of the table by using the DynamoDB console. Store the backup in an Amazon S3 bucket. Set an S3 Lifecycle configuration for the S3 bucket.

D.

Create an Amazon EventBridge (Amazon CloudWatch Events) rule to invoke an AWS Lambda function. Configure the Lambda function to back up the table and to store the backup in an Amazon S3 bucket. Set an S3 Lifecycle configuration for the S3 bucket.

Question 75

A company is developing an application that provides order shipping statistics for retrieval by a REST API. The company wants to extract the shipping statistics, organize the data into an easy-to-read HTML format, and send the report to several email addresses at the same time every morning.

Which combination of steps should a solutions architect take to meet these requirements? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

Configure the application to send the data to Amazon Kinesis Data Firehose.

B.

Use Amazon Simple Email Service (Amazon SES) to format the data and to send the report by email.

C.

Create an Amazon EventBridge (Amazon CloudWatch Events) scheduled event that invokes an AWS Glue job to query the application's API for the data.

D.

Create an Amazon EventBridge (Amazon CloudWatch Events) scheduled event that invokes an AWS Lambda function to query the application's API for the data.

E.

Store the application data in Amazon S3. Create an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic as an S3 event destination to send the report by

Question 76

A company runs a photo processing application that needs to frequently upload and download pictures from Amazon S3 buckets that are located in the same AWS Region. A solutions architect has noticed an increased cost in data transfer fees and needs to implement a solution to reduce these costs.

How can the solutions architect meet this requirement?

Options:

A.

Deploy Amazon API Gateway into a public subnet and adjust the route table to route S3 calls through It.

B.

Deploy a NAT gateway into a public subnet and attach an end point policy that allows access to the S3 buckets.

C.

Deploy the application Into a public subnet and allow it to route through an internet gateway to access the S3 Buckets

D.

Deploy an S3 VPC gateway endpoint into the VPC and attach an endpoint policy that allows access to the S3 buckets.

Question 77

An ecommerce company wants to launch a one-deal-a-day website on AWS. Each day will feature exactly one product on sale for a period of 24 hours. The company wants to be able to handle millions of requests each hour with millisecond latency during peak hours.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Use Amazon S3 to host the full website in different S3 buckets Add Amazon CloudFront distributions Set the S3 buckets as origins for the distributions Store the order data in Amazon S3

B.

Deploy the full website on Amazon EC2 instances that run in Auto Scaling groups across multiple Availability Zones Add an Application Load Balancer (ALB) to distribute the website traffic Add another ALB for the backend APIs Store the data in Amazon RDS for MySQL

C.

Migrate the full application to run in containers Host the containers on Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (Amazon EKS) Use the Kubernetes Cluster Autoscaler to increase and decrease the number of pods to process bursts in traffic Store the data in Amazon RDS for MySQL

D.

Use an Amazon S3 bucket to host the website's static content Deploy an Amazon CloudFront distribution. Set the S3 bucket as the origin Use Amazon API Gateway and AWS Lambda functions for the backend APIs Store the data in Amazon DynamoDB

Question 78

A solutions architect must design a highly available infrastructure for a website. The website is powered by Windows web servers that run on Amazon EC2 instances. The solutions architect must implement a solution that can mitigate a large-scale DDoS attack that originates from thousands of IP addresses. Downtime is not acceptable for the website.

Which actions should the solutions architect take to protect the website from such an attack? (Select TWO.)

Options:

A.

Use AWS Shield Advanced to stop the DDoS attack.

B.

Configure Amazon GuardDuty to automatically block the attackers.

C.

Configure the website to use Amazon CloudFront for both static and dynamic content.

D.

Use an AWS Lambda function to automatically add attacker IP addresses to VPC network ACLs.

E.

Use EC2 Spot Instances in an Auto Scaling group with a target tracking scaling policy that is set to 80% CPU utilization

Question 79

A company collects temperature, humidity, and atmospheric pressure data in cities across multiple continents. The average volume of data collected per site each day is 500 GB. Each site has a high-speed internet connection. The company's weather forecasting applications are based in a single Region and analyze the data daily.

What is the FASTEST way to aggregate data from all of these global sites?

Options:

A.

Enable Amazon S3 Transfer Acceleration on the destination bucket. Use multipart uploads to directly upload site data to the destination bucket.

B.

Upload site data to an Amazon S3 bucket in the closest AWS Region. Use S3 cross-Region replication to copy objects to the destination bucket.

C.

Schedule AWS Snowball jobs daily to transfer data to the closest AWS Region. Use S3 cross-Region replication to copy objects to the destination bucket.

D.

Upload the data to an Amazon EC2 instance in the closest Region. Store the data in an Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volume. Once a day take an EBS snapshot and copy it to the centralized Region. Restore the EBS volume in the centralized Region and run an analysis on the data daily.

Question 80

An application allows users at a company's headquarters to access product data. The product data is stored in an Amazon RDS MySQL DB instance. The operations team has isolated an application performance slowdown and wants to separate read traffic from write traffic. A solutions architect needs to optimize the application's performance quickly.

What should the solutions architect recommend?

Options:

A.

Change the existing database to a Multi-AZ deployment. Serve the read requests from the primary Availability Zone.

B.

Change the existing database to a Multi-AZ deployment. Serve the read requests from the secondary Availability Zone.

C.

Create read replicas for the database. Configure the read replicas with half of the compute and storage resources as the source database.

D.

Create read replicas for the database. Configure the read replicas with the same compute and storage resources as the source database.

Question 81

A solutions architect is designing the cloud architecture for a new application being deployed on AWS. The process should run in parallel while adding and removing application nodes as needed based on the number of jobs to be processed. The processor application is stateless. The solutions architect must ensure that the application is loosely coupled and the job items are durably stored.

Which design should the solutions architect use?

Options:

A.

Create an Amazon SNS topic to send the jobs that need to be processed Create an Amazon Machine Image (AMI) that consists of the processor application Create a launch configuration that uses the AMI Create an Auto Scaling group using the launch configuration Set the scaling policy for the Auto Scaling group to add and remove nodes based on CPU usage

B.

Create an Amazon SQS queue to hold the jobs that need to be processed Create an Amazon Machine image (AMI) that consists of the processor application Create a launch configuration that uses the AM' Create an Auto Scaling group using the launch configuration Set the scaling policy for the Auto Scaling group to add and remove nodes based on network usage

C.

Create an Amazon SQS queue to hold the jobs that needs to be processed Create an Amazon Machine image (AMI) that consists of the processor application Create a launch template that uses the AMI Create an Auto Scaling group using the launch template Set the scaling policy for the Auto Scaling group to add and remove nodes based on the number of items in the SQS queue

D.

Create an Amazon SNS topic to send the jobs that need to be processed Create an Amazon Machine Image (AMI) that consists of the processor application Create a launch template that uses the AMI Create an Auto Scaling group using the launch template Set the scaling policy for the Auto Scaling group to add and remove nodes based on the number of messages published to the SNS topic

Question 82

A company has a large Microsoft SharePoint deployment running on-premises that requires Microsoft Windows shared file storage. The company wants to migrate this workload to the AWS Cloud and is considering various storage options. The storage solution must be highly available and integrated with Active Directory for access control.

Which solution will satisfy these requirements?

Options:

A.

Configure Amazon EFS storage and set the Active Directory domain for authentication

B.

Create an SMB Me share on an AWS Storage Gateway tile gateway in two Availability Zones

C.

Create an Amazon S3 bucket and configure Microsoft Windows Server to mount it as a volume

D.

Create an Amazon FSx for Windows File Server file system on AWS and set the Active Directory domain for authentication

Question 83

A bicycle sharing company is developing a multi-tier architecture to track the location of its bicycles during peak operating hours The company wants to use these data points in its existing analytics platform A solutions architect must determine the most viable multi-tier option to support this architecture The data points must be accessible from the REST API.

Which action meets these requirements for storing and retrieving location data?

Options:

A.

Use Amazon Athena with Amazon S3

B.

Use Amazon API Gateway with AWS Lambda

C.

Use Amazon QuickSight with Amazon Redshift.

D.

Use Amazon API Gateway with Amazon Kinesis Data Analytics

Question 84

A company needs the ability to analyze the log files of its proprietary application. The logs are stored in JSON format in an Amazon S3 bucket Queries will be simple and will run on-demand A solutions architect needs to perform the analysis with minimal changes to the existing architecture

What should the solutions architect do to meet these requirements with the LEAST amount of operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Use Amazon Redshift to load all the content into one place and run the SQL queries as needed

B.

Use Amazon CloudWatch Logs to store the logs Run SQL queries as needed from the Amazon CloudWatch console

C.

Use Amazon Athena directly with Amazon S3 to run the queries as needed

D.

Use AWS Glue to catalog the logs Use a transient Apache Spark cluster on Amazon EMR to run the SQL queries as needed

Question 85

A company's website uses an Amazon EC2 instance store for its catalog of items. The company wants to make sure that the catalog is highly available and that the catalog is stored in a durable location.

What should a solutions architect do to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Move the catalog to Amazon ElastiCache for Redis.

B.

Deploy a larger EC2 instance with a larger instance store.

C.

Move the catalog from the instance store to Amazon S3 Glacier Deep Archive.

D.

Move the catalog to an Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS) file system.

Question 86

A company hosts its web applications in the AWS Cloud. The company configures Elastic Load Balancers to use certificate that are imported into AWS Certificate Manager (ACM). The company’s security team must be notified 30 days before the expiration of each certificate.

What should a solutions architect recommend to meet the requirement?

Options:

A.

Add a rule m ACM to publish a custom message to an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic every day beginning 30 days before any certificate will expire.

B.

Create an AWS Config rule that checks for certificates that will expire within 30 days. Configure Amazon EventBridge (Amazon CloudWatch Events) to invoke a custom alert by way of Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) when AWS Config reports a noncompliant resource

C.

Use AWS trusted Advisor to check for certificates that will expire within to days. Create an Amazon CloudWatch alarm that is based on Trusted Advisor metrics for check status changes Configure the alarm to send a custom alert by way of Amazon Simple rectification Service (Amazon SNS)

D.

Create an Amazon EventBridge (Amazon CloudWatch Events) rule to detect any certificates that will expire within 30 days. Configure the rule to invoke an AWS Lambda function. Configure the Lambda function to send a custom alert by way of Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS).

Question 87

A company runs a highly available image-processing application on Amazon EC2 instances in a single VPC The EC2 instances run inside several subnets across multiple Availability Zones. The EC2 instances do not communicate with each other However, the EC2 instances download images from Amazon S3 and upload images to Amazon S3 through a single NAT gateway The company is concerned about data transfer charges

What is the MOST cost-effective way for the company to avoid Regional data transfer charges?

Options:

A.

Launch the NAT gateway in each Availability Zone

B.

Replace the NAT gateway with a NAT instance

C.

Deploy a gateway VPC endpoint for Amazon S3

D.

Provision an EC2 Dedicated Host to run the EC2 instances

Question 88

A company is launching a new application and will display application metrics on an Amazon CloudWatch dashboard. The company’s product manager needs to access this dashboard periodically. The product manager does not have an AWS account. A solution architect must provide access to the product manager by following the principle of least privilege.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Share the dashboard from the CloudWatch console. Enter the product manager’s email address, and complete the sharing steps. Provide a shareable link for the dashboard to the product manager.

B.

Create an IAM user specifically for the product manager. Attach the CloudWatch Read Only Access managed policy to the user. Share the new login credential with the product manager. Share the browser URL of the correct dashboard with the product manager.

C.

Create an IAM user for the company’s employees, Attach the View Only Access AWS managed policy to the IAM user. Share the new login credentials with the product manager. Ask the product manager to navigate to the CloudWatch console and locate the dashboard by name in the Dashboards section.

D.

Deploy a bastion server in a public subnet. When the product manager requires access to the dashboard, start the server and share the RDP credentials. On the bastion server, ensure that the browser is configured to open the dashboard URL with cached AWS credentials that have appropriate permissions to view the dashboard.

Question 89

A company has a three-tier web application that is deployed on AWS. The web servers are deployed in a public subnet in a VPC. The application servers and database servers are deployed in private subnets in the same VPC. The company has deployed a third-party virtual firewall appliance from AWS Marketplace in an inspection VPC. The appliance is configured with an IP interface that can accept IP packets.

A solutions architect needs to Integrate the web application with the appliance to inspect all traffic to the application before the traffic teaches the web server. Which solution will moot these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Create a Network Load Balancer the public subnet of the application's VPC to route the traffic lo the appliance for packet inspection

B.

Create an Application Load Balancer in the public subnet of the application's VPC to route the traffic to the appliance for packet inspection

C.

Deploy a transit gateway m the inspection VPC Configure route tables to route the incoming pockets through the transit gateway

D.

Deploy a Gateway Load Balancer in the inspection VPC Create a Gateway Load Balancer endpoint to receive the incoming packets and forward the packets to the appliance

Question 90

A company receives 10 TB of instrumentation data each day from several machines located at a single factory. The data consists of JSON files stored on a storage area network (SAN) in an on-premises data center located within the factory. The company wants to send this data to Amazon S3 where it can be accessed by several additional systems that provide critical near-real-lime analytics. A secure transfer is important because the data is considered sensitive.

Which solution offers the MOST reliable data transfer?

Options:

A.

AWS DataSync over public internet

B.

AWS DataSync over AWS Direct Connect

C.

AWS Database Migration Service (AWS DMS) over public internet

D.

AWS Database Migration Service (AWS DMS) over AWS Direct Connect

Question 91

A company needs to store data in Amazon S3 and must prevent the data from being changed. The company wants new objects that are uploaded to Amazon S3 to remain unchangeable for a nonspecific amount of time until the company decides to modify the objects. Only specific users in the company’s AWS account can have the ability to delete the objects. What should a solutions architect do to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Create an S3 Glacier vault Apply a write-once, read-many (WORM) vault lock policy to the objects

B.

Create an S3 bucket with S3 Object Lock enabled Enable versioning Set a retention period of 100 years Use governance mode as the S3 bucket's default retention mode for new objects

C.

Create an S3 bucket Use AWS CloudTrail to (rack any S3 API events that modify the objects Upon notification, restore the modified objects from any backup versions that the company has

D.

Create an S3 bucket with S3 Object Lock enabled Enable versioning Add a legal hold to the objects Add the s3 PutObjectLegalHold permission to the IAM policies of users who need to delete the objects

Question 92

A company has a production workload that runs on 1,000 Amazon EC2 Linux instances. The workload is powered by third-party software. The company needs to patch the third-party software on all EC2 instances as quickly as possible to remediate a critical security vulnerability.

What should a solutions architect do to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Create an AWS Lambda function to apply the patch to all EC2 instances.

B.

Configure AWS Systems Manager Patch Manager to apply the patch to all EC2 instances.

C.

Schedule an AWS Systems Manager maintenance window to apply the patch to all EC2 instances.

D.

Use AWS Systems Manager Run Command to run a custom command that applies the patch to all EC2 instances.

Question 93

A solutions architect is designing a two-tier web application The application consists of a public-facing web tier hosted on Amazon EC2 in public subnets The database tier consists of Microsoft SQL Server running on Amazon EC2 in a private subnet Security is a high priority for the company

How should security groups be configured in this situation? (Select TWO )

Options:

A.

Configure the security group for the web tier to allow inbound traffic on port 443 from 0.0.0.0/0.

B.

Configure the security group for the web tier to allow outbound traffic on port 443 from 0.0.0.0/0.

C.

Configure the security group for the database tier to allow inbound traffic on port 1433 from the security group for the web tier.

D.

Configure the security group for the database tier to allow outbound traffic on ports 443 and 1433 to the security group for the web tier.

E.

Configure the security group for the database tier to allow inbound traffic on ports 443 and 1433 from the security group for the web tier.

Question 94

A company is developing a two-tier web application on AWS. The company's developers have deployed the application on an Amazon EC2 instance that connects directly to a backend Amazon RDS database. The company must not hardcode database credentials in the application. The company must also implement a solution to automatically rotate the database credentials on a regular basis.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Store the database credentials in the instance metadata. Use Amazon EventBridge (Amazon CloudWatch Events) rules to run a scheduled AWS Lambda function that updates the RDS credentials and instance metadata at the same time.

B.

Store the database credentials in a configuration file in an encrypted Amazon S3 bucket. Use Amazon EventBridge (Amazon CloudWatch Events) rules to run a scheduled AWS Lambda function that updates the RDS credentials and the credentials in the configuration file at the same time. Use S3 Versioning to ensure the ability to fall back to previous values.

C.

Store the database credentials as a secret in AWS Secrets Manager. Turn on automatic rotation for the secret. Attach the required permission to the EC2 role to grant access to the secret.

D.

Store the database credentials as encrypted parameters in AWS Systems Manager Parameter Store. Turn on automatic rotation for the encrypted parameters. Attach the required permission to the EC2 role to grant access to the encrypted parameters.

Question 95

A company runs an ecommerce application on Amazon EC2 instances behind an Application Load Balancer. The instances run in an Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling group across multiple Availability Zones. The Auto Scaling group scales based on CPU utilization metrics. The ecommerce application stores the transaction data in a MySQL 8.0 database that is hosted on a large EC2 instance.

The database's performance degrades quickly as application load increases. The application handles more read requests than write transactions. The company wants a solution that will automatically scale the database to meet the demand of unpredictable read workloads while maintaining high availability.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Use Amazon Redshift with a single node for leader and compute functionality.

B.

Use Amazon RDS with a Single-AZ deployment Configure Amazon RDS to add reader instances in a different Availability Zone.

C.

Use Amazon Aurora with a Multi-AZ deployment. Configure Aurora Auto Scaling with Aurora Replicas.

D.

Use Amazon ElastiCache for Memcached with EC2 Spot Instances.

Question 96

A company hosts a containerized web application on a fleet of on-premises servers that process incoming requests. The number of requests is growing quickly. The on-premises servers cannot handle the increased number of requests. The company wants to move the application to AWS with minimum code changes and minimum development effort.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Use AWS Fargate on Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) to run the containerized web application with Service Auto Scaling. Use an Application Load Balancer to distribute the incoming requests.

B.

Use two Amazon EC2 instances to host the containerized web application. Use an Application Load Balancer to distribute the incoming requests

C.

Use AWS Lambda with a new code that uses one of the supported languages. Create multiple Lambda functions to support the load. Use Amazon API Gateway as an entry point to the Lambda functions.

D.

Use a high performance computing (HPC) solution such as AWS ParallelClusterto establish an HPC cluster that can process the incoming requests at the appropriate scale.

Question 97

A company is hosting a web application on AWS using a single Amazon EC2 instance that stores user-uploaded documents in an Amazon EBS volume. For better scalability and availability, the company duplicated the architecture and created a second EC2 instance and EBS volume in another Availability Zone placing both behind an Application Load Balancer After completing this change, users reported that, each time they refreshed the website, they could see one subset of their documents or the other, but never all of the documents at the same time.

What should a solutions architect propose to ensure users see all of their documents at once?

Options:

A.

Copy the data so both EBS volumes contain all the documents.

B.

Configure the Application Load Balancer to direct a user to the server with the documents

C.

Copy the data from both EBS volumes to Amazon EFS Modify the application to save new documents to Amazon EFS

D.

Configure the Application Load Balancer to send the request to both servers Return each document from the correct server.

Question 98

A company uses Amazon S3 to store its confidential audit documents. The S3 bucket uses bucket policies to restrict access to audit team IAM user credentials according to the principle of least privilege. Company managers are worried about accidental deletion of documents in the S3 bucket and want a more secure solution.

What should a solutions architect do to secure the audit documents?

Options:

A.

Enable the versioning and MFA Delete features on the S3 bucket.

B.

Enable multi-factor authentication (MFA) on the IAM user credentials for each audit team IAM user account.

C.

Add an S3 Lifecycle policy to the audit team's IAM user accounts to deny the s3:DeleteObject action during audit dates.

D.

Use AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) to encrypt the S3 bucket and restrict audit team IAM user accounts from accessing the KMS key.

Question 99

A company has an application that ingests incoming messages. These messages are then quickly consumed by dozens of other applications and microservices.

The number of messages varies drastically and sometimes spikes as high as 100,000 each second. The company wants to decouple the solution and increase scalability.

Which solution meets these requirements?

Options:

A.

Persist the messages to Amazon Kinesis Data Analytics. All the applications will read and process the messages.

B.

Deploy the application on Amazon EC2 instances in an Auto Scaling group, which scales the number of EC2 instances based on CPU metrics.

C.

Write the messages to Amazon Kinesis Data Streams with a single shard. All applications will read from the stream and process the messages.

D.

Publish the messages to an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic with one or more Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) subscriptions. All applications then process the messages from the queues.

Question 100

A company wants to run its critical applications in containers to meet requirements tor scalability and availability The company prefers to focus on maintenance of the critical applications The company does not want to be responsible for provisioning and managing the underlying infrastructure that runs the containerized workload

What should a solutions architect do to meet those requirements?

Options:

A.

Use Amazon EC2 Instances, and Install Docker on the Instances

B.

Use Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) on Amazon EC2 worker nodes

C.

Use Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) on AWS Fargate

D.

Use Amazon EC2 instances from an Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS)-op6mized Amazon Machine Image (AMI).

Question 101

A company wants to reduce the cost of its existing three-tier web architecture. The web, application, and database servers are running on Amazon EC2 instances for the development, test, and production environments. The EC2 instances average 30% CPU utilization during peak hours and 10% CPU utilization during non-peak hours.

The production EC2 instances run 24 hours a day. The development and test EC2 instances run for at least 8 hours each day. The company plans to implement automation to stop the development and test EC2 instances when they are not in use.

Which EC2 instance purchasing solution will meet the company's requirements MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Use Spot Instances for the production EC2 instances. Use Reserved Instances for the development and test EC2 instances.

B.

Use Reserved Instances for the production EC2 instances. Use On-Demand Instances for the development and test EC2 instances.

C.

Use Spot blocks for the production EC2 instances. Use Reserved Instances for the development and test EC2 instances.

D.

Use On-Demand Instances for the production EC2 instances. Use Spot blocks for the development and test EC2 instances.

Question 102

A company wants to run applications in containers in the AWS Cloud. These applications are stateless and can tolerate disruptions within the underlying infrastructure. The company needs a solution that minimizes cost and operational overhead.

What should a solutions architect do to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Use Spot Instances in an Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling group to run the application containers.

B.

Use Spot Instances in an Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (Amazon EKS) managed node group.

C.

Use On-Demand Instances in an Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling group to run the application containers.

D.

Use On-Demand Instances in an Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (Amazon EKS) managed node group.

Question 103

A company has a dynamic web application hosted on two Amazon EC2 instances. The company has its own SSL certificate, which is on each instance to perform SSL termination.

There has been an increase in traffic recently, and the operations team determined that SSL encryption and decryption is causing the compute capacity of the web servers to reach their maximum limit.

What should a solutions architect do to increase the application's performance?

Options:

A.

Create a new SSL certificate using AWS Certificate Manager (ACM) install the ACM certificate on each instance

B.

Create an Amazon S3 bucket Migrate the SSL certificate to the S3 bucket Configure the EC2 instances to reference the bucket for SSL termination

C.

Create another EC2 instance as a proxy server Migrate the SSL certificate to the new instance and configure it to direct connections to the existing EC2 instances

D.

Import the SSL certificate into AWS Certificate Manager (ACM) Create an Application Load Balancer with an HTTPS listener that uses the SSL certificate from ACM

Question 104

A company wants to migrate its on-premises data center to AWS. According to the company's compliance requirements, the company can use only the ap-northeast-3 Region. Company administrators are not permitted to connect VPCs to the internet.

Which solutions will meet these requirements? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

Use AWS Control Tower to implement data residency guardrails to deny internet access and deny access to all AWS Regions except ap-northeast-3.

B.

Use rules in AWS WAF to prevent internet access. Deny access to all AWS Regions except ap-northeast-3 in the AWS account settings.

C.

Use AWS Organizations to configure service control policies (SCPS) that prevent VPCs from gaining internet access. Deny access to all AWS Regions except ap-northeast-3.

D.

Create an outbound rule for the network ACL in each VPC to deny all traffic from 0.0.0.0/0. Create an IAM policy for each user to prevent the use of any AWS Region other than ap-northeast-3.

E.

Use AWS Config to activate managed rules to detect and alert for internet gateways and to detect and alert for new resources deployed outside of ap-northeast-3.

Question 105

A solutions architect is creating a new Amazon CloudFront distribution for an application. Some of the information submitted by users is sensitive. The application uses HTTPS but needs another layer of security. The sensitive information should be protected throughout the entire application stack, and access to the information should be restricted to certain applications.

Which action should the solutions architect take?

Options:

A.

Configure a CloudFront signed URL.

B.

Configure a CloudFront signed cookie.

C.

Configure a CloudFront field-level encryption profile.

D.

Configure CloudFront and set the Origin Protocol Policy setting to HTTPS Only for the Viewer Protocol Policy.

Question 106

A company sells ringtones created from clips of popular songs. The files containing the ringtones are stored in Amazon S3 Standard and are at least 128 KB in size. The company has millions of files, but downloads are infrequent for ringtones older than 90 days. The company needs to save money on storage while keeping the most accessed files readily available for its users.

Which action should the company take to meet these requirements MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Configure S3 Standard-Infrequent Access (S3 Standard-IA) storage for the initial storage tier of the objects.

B.

Move the files to S3 Intelligent-Tiering and configure it to move objects to a less expensive storage tier after 90 days.

C.

Configure S3 inventory to manage objects and move them to S3 Standard-Infrequent Access (S3 Standard-1A) after 90 days.

D.

Implement an S3 Lifecycle policy that moves the objects from S3 Standard to S3 Standard-Infrequent Access (S3 Standard-1A) after 90 days.

Question 107

A company has two applications: a sender application that sends messages with payloads to be processed and a processing application intended to receive the messages with payloads. The company wants to implement an AWS service to handle messages between the two applications. The sender application can send about 1.000 messages each hour. The messages may take up to 2 days to be processed. If the messages fail to process, they must be retained so that they do not impact the processing of any remaining messages.

Which solution meets these requirements and is the MOST operationally efficient?

Options:

A.

Set up an Amazon EC2 instance running a Redis database. Configure both applications to use the instance. Store, process, and delete the messages, respectively.

B.

Use an Amazon Kinesis data stream to receive the messages from the sender application. Integrate the processing application with the Kinesis Client Library (KCL).

C.

Integrate the sender and processor applications with an Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) queue. Configure a dead-letter queue to collect the messages that failed to process.

D.

Subscribe the processing application to an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic to receive notifications to process. Integrate the sender application to write to the SNS topic.

Question 108

A company runs a stateless web application in production on a group of Amazon EC2 On-Demand Instances behind an Application Load Balancer. The application experiences heavy usage during an 8-hour period each business day. Application usage is moderate and steady overnight Application usage is low during weekends.

The company wants to minimize its EC2 costs without affecting the availability of the application.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Use Spot Instances for the entire workload.

B.

Use Reserved instances for the baseline level of usage Use Spot Instances for any additional capacity that the application needs.

C.

Use On-Demand Instances for the baseline level of usage. Use Spot Instances for any additional capacity that the application needs

D.

Use Dedicated Instances for the baseline level of usage. Use On-Demand Instances for any additional capacity that the application needs

Question 109

A reporting team receives files each day in an Amazon S3 bucket. The reporting team manually reviews and copies the files from this initial S3 bucket to an analysis S3 bucket each day at the same time to use with Amazon QuickSight. Additional teams are starting to send more files in larger sizes to the initial S3 bucket.

The reporting team wants to move the files automatically analysis S3 bucket as the files enter the initial S3 bucket. The reporting team also wants to use AWS Lambda functions to run pattern-matching code on the copied data. In addition, the reporting team wants to send the data files to a pipeline in Amazon SageMaker Pipelines.

What should a solutions architect do to meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Create a Lambda function to copy the files to the analysis S3 bucket. Create an S3 event notification for the analysis S3 bucket. Configure Lambda and SageMaker Pipelines as destinations of the event notification. Configure s30bjectCreated:Put as the event type.

B.

Create a Lambda function to copy the files to the analysis S3 bucket. Configure the analysis S3 bucket to send event notifications to Amazon EventBridge (Amazon CloudWatch Events). Configure an ObjectCreated rule in EventBridge (CloudWatch Events). Configure Lambda and SageMaker Pipelines as targets for the rule.

C.

Configure S3 replication between the S3 buckets. Create an S3 event notification for the analysis S3 bucket. Configure Lambda and SageMaker Pipelines as destinations of the event notification. Configure s30bjectCreated:Put as the event type.

D.

Configure S3 replication between the S3 buckets. Configure the analysis S3 bucket to send event notifications to Amazon EventBridge (Amazon CloudWatch Events). Configure an ObjectCreated rule in EventBridge (CloudWatch Events). Configure Lambda and SageMaker Pipelines as targets for the rule.

Question 110

A company wants to migrate its MySQL database from on premises to AWS. The company recently experienced a database outage that significantly impacted the business. To ensure this does not happen again, the company wants a reliable database solution on AWS that minimizes data loss and stores every transaction on at least two nodes.

Which solution meets these requirements?

Options:

A.

Create an Amazon RDS DB instance with synchronous replication to three nodes in three Availability Zones.

B.

Create an Amazon RDS MySQL DB instance with Multi-AZ functionality enabled to synchronously replicate the data.

C.

Create an Amazon RDS MySQL DB instance and then create a read replica in a separate AWS Region that synchronously replicates the data.

D.

Create an Amazon EC2 instance with a MySQL engine installed that triggers an AWS Lambda function to synchronously replicate the data to an Amazon RDS MySQL DB instance.

Question 111

A company wants to migrate its existing on-premises monolithic application to AWS.

The company wants to keep as much of the front- end code and the backend code as possible. However, the company wants to break the application into smaller applications. A different team will manage each application. The company needs a highly scalable solution that minimizes operational overhead.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Host the application on AWS Lambda Integrate the application with Amazon API Gateway.

B.

Host the application with AWS Amplify. Connect the application to an Amazon API Gateway API that is integrated with AWS Lambda.

C.

Host the application on Amazon EC2 instances. Set up an Application Load Balancer with EC2 instances in an Auto Scaling group as targets.

D.

Host the application on Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) Set up an Application Load Balancer with Amazon ECS as the target.

Question 112

A media company is evaluating the possibility ot moving rts systems to the AWS Cloud The company needs at least 10 TB of storage with the maximum possible I/O performance for video processing. 300 TB of very durable storage for storing media content, and 900 TB of storage to meet requirements for archival media that is not in use anymore

Which set of services should a solutions architect recommend to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Amazon EBS for maximum performance, Amazon S3 for durable data storage, and Amazon S3 Glacier for archival storage

B.

Amazon EBS for maximum performance, Amazon EFS for durable data storage and Amazon S3 Glacier for archival storage

C.

Amazon EC2 instance store for maximum performance. Amazon EFS for durable data storage and Amazon S3 for archival storage

D.

Amazon EC2 Instance store for maximum performance. Amazon S3 for durable data storage, and Amazon S3 Glacier for archival storage

Question 113

A company is building a containerized application on premises and decides to move the application to AWS. The application will have thousands of users soon after li is deployed. The company Is unsure how to manage the deployment of containers at scale. The company needs to deploy the containerized application in a highly available architecture that minimizes operational overhead.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Store container images In an Amazon Elastic Container Registry (Amazon ECR) repository. Use an Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) cluster with the AWS Fargate launch type to run the containers. Use target tracking to scale automatically based on demand.

B.

Store container images in an Amazon Elastic Container Registry (Amazon ECR) repository. Use an Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) cluster with the Amazon EC2 launch type to run the containers. Use target tracking to scale automatically based on demand.

C.

Store container images in a repository that runs on an Amazon EC2 instance. Run the containers on EC2 instances that are spread across multiple Availability Zones. Monitor the average CPU utilization in Amazon CloudWatch. Launch new EC2 instances as needed

D.

Create an Amazon EC2 Amazon Machine Image (AMI) that contains the container image Launch EC2 Instances in an Auto Scaling group across multiple Availability Zones. Use an Amazon CloudWatch alarm to scale out EC2 instances when the average CPU utilization threshold is breached.

Question 114

A company wants to move its application to a serverless solution. The serverless solution needs to analyze existing and new data by using SL. The company stores the data in an Amazon S3 bucket. The data requires encryption and must be replicated to a different AWS Region.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Create a new S3 bucket. Load the data into the new S3 bucket. Use S3 Cross-Region Replication (CRR) to replicate encrypted objects to an S3 bucket in another Region. Use server-side encryption with AWS KMS multi-Region kays (SSE-KMS). Use Amazon Athena to query the data.

B.

Create a new S3 bucket. Load the data into the new S3 bucket. Use S3 Cross-Region Replication (CRR) to replicate encrypted objects to an S3 bucket in another Region. Use server-side encryption with AWS KMS multi-Region keys (SSE-KMS). Use Amazon RDS to query the data.

C.

Load the data into the existing S3 bucket. Use S3 Cross-Region Replication (CRR) to replicate encrypted objects to an S3 bucket in another Region. Use server-side encryption with Amazon S3

managed encryption keys (SSE-S3). Use Amazon Athena to query the data.

D.

Load the data into the existing S3 bucket. Use S3 Cross-Region Replication (CRR) to replicate encrypted objects to an S3 bucket in another Region. Use server-side encryption with Amazon S3 managed encryption keys (SSE-S3). Use Amazon RDS to query the data.

Question 115

A company has a Windows-based application that must be migrated to AWS. The application requires the use of a shared Windows file system attached to multiple Amazon EC2 Windows instances that are deployed across multiple Availability Zones.

What should a solutions architect do to meet this requirement?

Options:

A.

Configure AWS Storage Gateway in volume gateway mode. Mount the volume to each Windows instance.

B.

Configure Amazon FSx for Windows File Server. Mount the Amazon FSx file system to each Windows instance.

C.

Configure a file system by using Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS). Mount the EFS file system to each Windows instance.

D.

Configure an Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volume with the required size. Attach each EC2 instance to the volume. Mount the file system within the volume to each Windows instance.

Question 116

A company has a legacy data processing application that runs on Amazon EC2 instances. Data is processed sequentially, but the order of results does not matter. The application uses a monolithic architecture. The only way that the company can scale the application to meet increased demand is to increase the size of the instances.

The company's developers have decided to rewrite the application to use a microservices architecture on Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS).

What should a solutions architect recommend for communication between the microservices?

Options:

A.

Create an Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) queue. Add code to the data producers, and send data to the queue. Add code to the data consumers to process data from the queue.

B.

Create an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic. Add code to the data producers, and publish notifications to the topic. Add code to the data consumers to subscribe to the topic.

C.

Create an AWS Lambda function to pass messages. Add code to the data producers to call the Lambda function with a data object. Add code to the data consumers to receive a data object that is passed from the Lambda function.

D.

Create an Amazon DynamoDB table. Enable DynamoDB Streams. Add code to the data producers to insert data into the table. Add code to the data consumers to use the DynamoDB Streams API to detect new table entries and retrieve the data.

Question 117

A company runs a web-based portal that provides users with global breaking news, local alerts, and weather updates. The portal delivers each user a personalized view by using mixture of static and dynamic content. Content is served over HTTPS through an API server running on an Amazon EC2 instance behind an Application Load Balancer (ALB). The company wants the portal to provide this content to its users across the world as quickly as possible.

How should a solutions architect design the application to ensure the LEAST amount of latency for all users?

Options:

A.

Deploy the application stack in a single AWS Region. Use Amazon CloudFront to serve all static and dynamic content by specifying the ALB as an origin.

B.

Deploy the application stack in two AWS Regions. Use an Amazon Route 53 latency routing policy to serve all content from the ALB in the closest Region.

C.

Deploy the application stack in a single AWS Region. Use Amazon CloudFront to serve the static content. Serve the dynamic content directly from the ALB.

D.

Deploy the application stack in two AWS Regions. Use an Amazon Route 53 geolocation routing policy to serve all content from the ALB in the closest Region.

Question 118

A solutions architect must design a solution that uses Amazon CloudFront with an Amazon S3 origin to store a static website. The company's security policy requires that all website traffic be inspected by AWS WAR

How should the solutions architect comply with these requirements?

Options:

A.

Configure an S3 bucket policy lo accept requests coming from the AWS WAF Amazon Resource Name (ARN) only.

B.

Configure Amazon CloudFront to forward all incoming requests to AWS WAF before requesting content from the S3 origin.

C.

Configure a security group that allows Amazon CloudFront IP addresses to access Amazon S3 only. Associate AWS WAF to CloudFront.

D.

Configure Amazon CloudFront and Amazon S3 to use an origin access identity (OAI) to restrict access to the S3 bucket. Enable AWS WAF on the distribution.

Question 119

An ecommerce company hosts its analytics application in the AWS Cloud. The application generates about 300 MB of data each month. The data is stored in JSON format. The company is evaluating a disaster recovery solution to back up the data. The data must be accessible in milliseconds if it is needed, and the data must be kept for 30 days.

Which solution meets these requirements MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Amazon OpenSearch Service (Amazon Elasticsearch Service)

B.

Amazon S3 Glacier

C.

Amazon S3 Standard

D.

Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL

Question 120

A company is running several business applications in three separate VPCs within me us-east-1 Region. The applications must be able to communicate between VPCs. The applications also must be able to consistently send hundreds to gigabytes of data each day to a latency-sensitive application that runs in a single on-premises data center.

A solutions architect needs to design a network connectivity solution that maximizes cost-effectiveness

Which solution moots those requirements?

Options:

A.

Configure three AWS Site-to-Site VPN connections from the data center to AWS Establish connectivity by configuring one VPN connection for each VPC

B.

Launch a third-party virtual network appliance in each VPC Establish an iPsec VPN tunnel between the Data center and each virtual appliance

C.

Set up three AWS Direct Connect connections from the data center to a Direct Connect gateway in us-east-1 Establish connectivity by configuring each VPC to use one of the Direct Connect connections

D.

Set up one AWS Direct Connect connection from the data center to AWS. Create a transit gateway, and attach each VPC to the transit gateway. Establish connectivity between the Direct Connect connection and the transit gateway.

Question 121

A company runs a production application on a fleet of Amazon EC2 instances. The application reads the data from an Amazon SQS queue and processes the messages in parallel. The message volume is unpredictable and often has intermittent traffic. This application should continually process messages without any downtime.

Which solution meets these requirements MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Use Spot Instances exclusively to handle the maximum capacity required.

B.

Use Reserved Instances exclusively to handle the maximum capacity required.

C.

Use Reserved Instances for the baseline capacity and use Spot Instances to handle additional capacity.

D.

Use Reserved Instances for the baseline capacity and use On-Demand Instances to handle additional capacity.

Question 122

Organizers for a global event want to put daily reports online as static HTML pages. The pages are expected to generate millions of views from users around the world. The files are stored In an Amazon S3 bucket. A solutions architect has been asked to design an efficient and effective solution.

Which action should the solutions architect take to accomplish this?

Options:

A.

Generate presigned URLs for the files.

B.

Use cross-Region replication to all Regions.

C.

Use the geoproximtty feature of Amazon Route 53.

D.

Use Amazon CloudFront with the S3 bucket as its origin.

Question 123

An entertainment company is using Amazon DynamoDB to store media metadata. The application is read intensive and experiencing delays. The company does not have staff to handle additional operational overhead and needs to improve the performance efficiency of DynamoDB without reconfiguring the application.

What should a solutions architect recommend to meet this requirement?

Options:

A.

Use Amazon ElastiCache for Redis.

B.

Use Amazon DynamoDB Accelerator (DAX).

C.

Replicate data by using DynamoDB global tables.

D.

Use Amazon ElastiCache for Memcached with Auto Discovery enabled.

Question 124

A company has a highly dynamic batch processing job that uses many Amazon EC2 instances to complete it. The job is stateless in nature, can be started and stopped at any given time with no negative impact, and typically takes upwards of 60 minutes total to complete. The company has asked a solutions architect to design a scalable and cost-effective solution that meets the requirements of the job.

What should the solutions architect recommend?

Options:

A.

Implement EC2 Spot Instances

B.

Purchase EC2 Reserved Instances

C.

Implement EC2 On-Demand Instances

D.

Implement the processing on AWS Lambda

Question 125

A company is planning to build a high performance computing (HPC) workload as a service solution that Is hosted on AWS A group of 16 AmazonEC2Ltnux Instances requires the lowest possible latency for node-to-node communication. The instances also need a shared block device volume for high-performing storage.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Use a duster placement group. Attach a single Provisioned IOPS SSD Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon E BS) volume to all the instances by using Amazon EBS Multi-Attach

B.

Use a cluster placement group. Create shared 'lie systems across the instances by using Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS)

C.

Use a partition placement group. Create shared tile systems across the instances by using Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS).

D.

Use a spread placement group. Attach a single Provisioned IOPS SSD Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volume to all the instances by using Amazon EBS Multi-Attach

Question 126

An ecommerce company has an order-processing application that uses Amazon API Gateway and an AWS Lambda function. The application stores data in an Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL database. During a recent sales event, a sudden surge in customer orders occurred. Some customers experienced timeouts and the application did not process the orders of those customers A solutions architect determined that the CPU utilization and memory utilization were high on the database because of a large number of open connections The solutions architect needs to prevent the timeout errors while making the least possible changes to the application.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Configure provisioned concurrency for the Lambda function Modify the database to be a global database in multiple AWS Regions

B.

Use Amazon RDS Proxy to create a proxy for the database Modify the Lambda function to use the RDS Proxy endpoint instead of the database endpoint

C.

Create a read replica for the database in a different AWS Region Use query string parameters in API Gateway to route traffic to the read replica

D.

Migrate the data from Aurora PostgreSQL to Amazon DynamoDB by using AWS Database Migration Service (AWS DMS| Modify the Lambda function to use the OynamoDB table

Question 127

A company produces batch data that comes from different databases. The company also produces live stream data from network sensors and application APIs. The company needs to consolidate all the data into one place for business analytics. The company needs to process the incoming data and then stage the data in different Amazon S3 buckets. Teams will later run one-time queries and import the data into a business intelligence tool to show key performance indicators (KPIs).

Which combination of steps will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

Use Amazon Athena foe one-time queries Use Amazon QuickSight to create dashboards for KPIs

B.

Use Amazon Kinesis Data Analytics for one-time queries Use Amazon QuickSight to create dashboards for KPIs

C.

Create custom AWS Lambda functions to move the individual records from me databases to an Amazon Redshift duster

D.

Use an AWS Glue extract transform, and toad (ETL) job to convert the data into JSON format Load the data into multiple Amazon OpenSearch Service (Amazon Elasticsearch Service) dusters

E.

Use blueprints in AWS Lake Formation to identify the data that can be ingested into a data lake Use AWS Glue to crawl the source extract the data and load the data into Amazon S3 in Apache Parquet format

Question 128

A solutions architect is designing a customer-facing application for a company. The application's database will have a clearly defined access pattern throughout the year and will have a variable number of reads and writes that depend on the time of year. The company must retain audit records for the database for 7 days. The recovery point objective (RPO) must be less than 5 hours.

Which solution meets these requirements?

Options:

A.

Use Amazon DynamoDB with auto scaling Use on-demand backups and Amazon DynamoDB Streams

B.

Use Amazon Redshift. Configure concurrency scaling. Activate audit logging. Perform database snapshots every 4 hours.

C.

Use Amazon RDS with Provisioned IOPS Activate the database auditing parameter Perform database snapshots every 5 hours

D.

Use Amazon Aurora MySQL with auto scaling. Activate the database auditing parameter

Question 129

A company stores its application logs in an Amazon CloudWatch Logs log group. A new policy requires the company to store all application logs in Amazon OpenSearch Service (Amazon Elasticsearch Service) in near-real time.

Which solution will meet this requirement with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Configure a CloudWatch Logs subscription to stream the logs to Amazon OpenSearch Service (Amazon Elasticsearch Service).

B.

Create an AWS Lambda function. Use the log group to invoke the function to write the logs to Amazon OpenSearch Service (Amazon Elasticsearch Service).

C.

Create an Amazon Kinesis Data Firehose delivery stream. Configure the log group as the delivery stream's source. Configure Amazon OpenSearch Service (Amazon Elasticsearch Service) as the delivery stream's destination.

D.

Install and configure Amazon Kinesis Agent on each application server to deliver the logs to Amazon Kinesis Data Streams. Configure Kinesis Data Streams to deliver the logs to Amazon OpenSearch Service (Amazon Elasticsearch Service)

Question 130

A company needs to retain application logs files for a critical application for 10 years. The application team regularly accesses logs from the past month for troubleshooting, but logs older than 1 month are rarely accessed. The application generates more than 10 TB of logs per month.

Which storage option meets these requirements MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Store the Iogs in Amazon S3 Use AWS Backup lo move logs more than 1 month old to S3 Glacier Deep Archive

B.

Store the logs in Amazon S3 Use S3 Lifecycle policies to move logs more than 1 month old to S3 Glacier Deep Archive

C.

Store the logs in Amazon CloudWatch Logs Use AWS Backup to move logs more then 1 month old to S3 Glacier Deep Archive

D.

Store the logs in Amazon CloudWatch Logs Use Amazon S3 Lifecycle policies to move logs more than 1 month old to S3 Glacier Deep Archive

Question 131

A company recently started using Amazon Aurora as the data store for its global ecommerce application When large reports are run developers report that the ecommerce application is performing poorly After reviewing metrics in Amazon CloudWatch, a solutions architect finds that the ReadlOPS and CPUUtilization metrics are spiking when monthly reports run.

What is the MOST cost-effective solution?

Options:

A.

Migrate the monthly reporting to Amazon Redshift.

B.

Migrate the monthly reporting to an Aurora Replica

C.

Migrate the Aurora database to a larger instance class

D.

Increase the Provisioned IOPS on the Aurora instance

Question 132

A company is building a web-based application running on Amazon EC2 instances in multiple Availability Zones. The web application will provide access to a repository of text documents totaling about 900 TB in size. The company anticipates that the web application will experience periods of high demand. A solutions architect must ensure that the storage component for the text documents can scale to meet the demand of the application at all times. The company is concerned about the overall cost of the solution.

Which storage solution meets these requirements MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS)

B.

Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS)

C.

Amazon Elasticsearch Service (Amazon ES)

D.

Amazon S3

Question 133

A global company is using Amazon API Gateway to design REST APIs for its loyalty club users in the us-east-1 Region and the ap-southeast-2 Region. A solutions architect must design a solution to protect these API Gateway managed REST APIs across multiple accounts from SQL injection and cross-site scripting attacks.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST amount of administrative effort?

Options:

A.

Set up AWS WAF in both Regions. Associate Regional web ACLs with an API stage.

B.

Set up AWS Firewall Manager in both Regions. Centrally configure AWS WAF rules.

C.

Set up AWS Shield in bath Regions. Associate Regional web ACLs with an API stage.

D.

Set up AWS Shield in one of the Regions. Associate Regional web ACLs with an API stage.

Question 134

A company wants to build a scalable key management Infrastructure to support developers who need to encrypt data in their applications.

What should a solutions architect do to reduce the operational burden?

Options:

A.

Use multifactor authentication (MFA) to protect the encryption keys.

B.

Use AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) to protect the encryption keys

C.

Use AWS Certificate Manager (ACM) to create, store, and assign the encryption keys

D.

Use an IAM policy to limit the scope of users who have access permissions to protect the encryption keys

Question 135

An application runs on Amazon EC2 instances across multiple Availability Zones The instances run in an Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling group behind an Application Load Balancer The application performs best when the CPU utilization of the EC2 instances is at or near 40%.

What should a solutions architect do to maintain the desired performance across all instances in the group?

Options:

A.

Use a simple scaling policy to dynamically scale the Auto Scaling group

B.

Use a target tracking policy to dynamically scale the Auto Scaling group

C.

Use an AWS Lambda function to update the desired Auto Scaling group capacity.

D.

Use scheduled scaling actions to scale up and scale down the Auto Scaling group

Question 136

A company wants to use the AWS Cloud to make an existing application highly available and resilient. The current version of the application resides in the company's data center. The application recently experienced data loss after a database server crashed because of an unexpected power outage.

The company needs a solution that avoids any single points of failure. The solution must give the application the ability to scale to meet user demand.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Deploy the application servers by using Amazon EC2 instances in an Auto Scaling group across multiple Availability Zones. Use an Amazon RDS DB instance in a Multi-AZ configuration.

B.

Deploy the application servers by using Amazon EC2 instances in an Auto Scaling group in a single Availability Zone. Deploy the database

on an EC2 instance. Enable EC2 Auto Recovery.

C.

Deploy the application servers by using Amazon EC2 instances in an Auto Scaling group across multiple Availability Zones. Use an Amazon RDS DB instance with a read replica in a single Availability Zone. Promote the read replica to replace the primary DB instance if the primary DB instance fails.

D.

Deploy the application servers by using Amazon EC2 instances in an Auto Scaling group across multiple Availability Zones Deploy the primary and secondary database servers on EC2 instances across multiple Availability Zones Use Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) Multi-Attach to create shared storage between the instances.

Question 137

A company uses AWS Organizations to create dedicated AWS accounts for each business unit to manage each business unit's account independently upon request. The root email recipient missed a notification that was sent to the root user email address of one account. The company wants to ensure that all future notifications are not missed. Future notifications must be limited to account administrators.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Configure the company's email server to forward notification email messages that are sent to the AWS account root user email address to all users in the organization.

B.

Configure all AWS account root user email addresses as distribution lists that go to a few administrators who can respond to alerts. Configure AWS account alternate contacts in the AWS Organizations console or programmatically.

C.

Configure all AWS account root user email messages to be sent to one administrator who is responsible for monitoring alerts and forwarding those alerts to the appropriate groups.

D.

Configure all existing AWS accounts and all newly created accounts to use the same root user email address. Configure AWS account alternate contacts in the AWS Organizations console or programmatically.

Question 138

A company is developing a file-sharing application that will use an Amazon S3 bucket for storage. The company wants to serve all the files through an Amazon CloudFront distribution. The company does not want the files to be accessible through direct navigation to the S3 URL.

What should a solutions architect do to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Write individual policies for each S3 bucket to grant read permission for only CloudFront access.

B.

Create an IAM user. Grant the user read permission to objects in the S3 bucket. Assign the user to CloudFront.

C.

Write an S3 bucket policy that assigns the CloudFront distribution ID as the Principal and assigns the target S3 bucket as the Amazon Resource Name (ARN).

D.

Create an origin access identity (OAI). Assign the OAI to the CloudFront distribution. Configure the S3 bucket permissions so that only the OAI has read permission.

Question 139

A company has a mulli-tier application that runs six front-end web servers in an Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling group in a single Availability Zone behind an Application Load Balancer (ALB). A solutions architect needs lo modify the infrastructure to be highly available without modifying the application.

Which architecture should the solutions architect choose that provides high availability?

Options:

A.

Create an Auto Scaling group that uses three Instances across each of tv/o Regions.

B.

Modify the Auto Scaling group to use three instances across each of two Availability Zones.

C.

Create an Auto Scaling template that can be used to quickly create more instances in another Region.

D.

Change the ALB in front of the Amazon EC2 instances in a round-robin configuration to balance traffic to the web tier.

Question 140

A gaming company hosts a browser-based application on AWS. The users of the application consume a large number of videos and images that are stored in Amazon S3. This content is the same for all users.

The application has increased in popularity, and millions of users worldwide are accessing these media files. The company wants to provide the files to the users while reducing the load on the origin.

Which solution meets these requirements MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Deploy an AWS Global Accelerator accelerator in front of the web servers.

B.

Deploy an Amazon CloudFront web distribution in front of the S3 bucket.

C.

Deploy an Amazon ElastiCache for Redis instance in front of the web servers.

D.

Deploy an Amazon ElastiCache for Memcached instance in front of the web servers.

Question 141

A company is running an online transaction processing (OLTP) workload on AWS. This workload uses an unencrypted Amazon RDS DB instance in a Multi-AZ deployment. Daily database snapshots are taken from this instance.

What should a solutions architect do to ensure the database and snapshots are always encrypted moving forward?

Options:

A.

Encrypt a copy of the latest DB snapshot. Replace existing DB instance by restoring the encrypted snapshot

B.

Create a new encrypted Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volume and copy the snapshots to it Enable encryption on the DB instance

C.

Copy the snapshots and enable encryption using AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) Restore encrypted snapshot to an existing DB instance

D.

Copy the snapshots to an Amazon S3 bucket that is encrypted using server-side encryption with AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) managed keys (SSE-KMS)

Question 142

A company’s website provides users with downloadable historical performance reports. The website needs a solution that will scale to meet the company’s website demands globally. The solution should be cost-effective, limit the provisioning of infrastructure resources, and provide the fastest possible response time.

Which combination should a solutions architect recommend to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Amazon CloudFront and Amazon S3

B.

AWS Lambda and Amazon DynamoDB

C.

Application Load Balancer with Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling

D.

Amazon Route 53 with internal Application Load Balancers

Question 143

A hospital wants to create digital copies for its large collection of historical written records. The hospital will continue to add hundreds of new documents each day. The hospital's data team will scan the documents and will upload the documents to the AWS Cloud.

A solutions architect must implement a solution to analyze the documents, extract the medical information, and store the documents so that an application can run SQL queries on the data. The solution must maximize scalability and operational efficiency.

Which combination of steps should the solutions architect take to meet these requirements? (Select TWO.)

Options:

A.

Write the document information to an Amazon EC2 instance that runs a MySQL database.

B.

Write the document information to an Amazon S3 bucket. Use Amazon Athena to query the data.

C.

Create an Auto Scaling group of Amazon EC2 instances to run a custom application that processes the scanned files and extracts the medical information.

D.

Create an AWS Lambda function that runs when new documents are uploaded. Use Amazon Rekognition to convert the documents to raw text. Use Amazon Transcribe Medical to detect and extract relevant medical information from the text.

E.

Create an AWS Lambda function that runs when new documents are uploaded. Use Amazon Textract to convert the documents to raw text. Use Amazon Comprehend Medical to detect and extract relevant medical information from the text.

Question 144

A company is concerned about the security of its public web application due to recent web attacks. The application uses an Application Load Balancer (ALB). A solutions architect must reduce the risk of DDoS attacks against the application.

What should the solutions architect do to meet this requirement?

Options:

A.

Add an Amazon Inspector agent to the ALB.

B.

Configure Amazon Macie to prevent attacks.

C.

Enable AWS Shield Advanced to prevent attacks.

D.

Configure Amazon GuardDuty to monitor the ALB.

Question 145

A company hosts a two-tier application on Amazon EC2 instances and Amazon RDS. The application's demand varies based on the time of day. The load is minimal after work hours and on weekends. The EC2 instances run in an EC2 Auto Scaling group that is configured with a minimum of two instances and a maximum of five instances. The application must be available at all times, but the company is concerned about overall cost.

Which solution meets the availability requirement MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Use all EC2 Spot Instances. Stop the RDS database when it is not in use.

B.

Purchase EC2 Instance Savings Plans to cover five EC2 instances. Purchase an RDS Reserved DB Instance

C.

Purchase two EC2 Reserved Instances Use up to three additional EC2 Spot Instances as needed. Stop the RDS database when it is not in use.

D.

Purchase EC2 Instance Savings Plans to cover two EC2 instances. Use up to three additional EC2 On-Demand Instances as needed. Purchase an RDS Reserved DB Instance.

Question 146

A company wants to manage Amazon Machine Images (AMIs). The company currently copies AMIs to the same AWS Region where the AMIs were created. The company needs to design an application that captures AWS API calls and sends alerts whenever the Amazon EC2 Createlmage API operation is called within the company's account.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Create an AWS Lambda function to query AWS CloudTrail logs and to send an alert when a Createlmage API call is detected.

B.

Configure AWS CloudTrail with an Amazon Simple Notification Service {Amazon SNS) notification that occurs when updated logs are sent to Amazon S3. Use Amazon Athena to create a new table and to query on Createlmage when an API call is detected.

C.

Create an Amazon EventBridge (Amazon CloudWatch Events) rule for the Createlmage API call. Configure the target as an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic to send an alert when a Createlmage API call is detected.

D.

Configure an Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) FIFO queue as a target for AWS CloudTrail logs. Create an AWS Lambda function to send an alert to an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic when a Createlmage API call is detected.

Question 147

A company hosts a website analytics application on a single Amazon EC2 On-Demand Instance. The analytics software is written in PHP and uses a MySQL database. The analytics software, the web server that provides PHP, and the database server are all hosted on the EC2 instance. The application is showing signs of performance degradation during busy times and is presenting 5xx errors. The company needs to make the application scale seamlessly.

Which solution will meet these requirements MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Migrate the database to an Amazon RDS for MySQL DB instance. Create an AMI of the web application. Use the AMI to launch a second EC2 On-Demand Instance. Use an Application Load Balancer to distribute the load to each EC2 instance.

B.

Migrate the database to an Amazon RDS for MySQL DB instance. Create an AMI of the web application. Use the AMI to launch a second EC2 On-Demand Instance. Use Amazon Route 53 weighted routing to distribute the load across the two EC2 instances.

C.

Migrate the database to an Amazon Aurora MySQL DB instance. Create an AWS Lambda function to stop the EC2 instance and change the instance type. Create an Amazon CloudWatch alarm to invoke the Lambda function when CPU utilization surpasses 75%.

D.

Migrate the database to an Amazon Aurora MySQL DB instance. Create an AMI of the web application. Apply the AMI to a launch template. Create an Auto Scaling group with the launch template Configure the launch template to use a Spot Fleet. Attach an Application Load Balancer to the Auto Scaling group.

Question 148

A company is migrating an application from on-premises servers to Amazon EC2 instances. As part of the migration design requirements, a solutions architect must implement infrastructure metric alarms. The company does not need to take action if CPU utilization increases to more than 50% for a short burst of time. However, if the CPU utilization increases to more than 50% and read IOPS on the disk are high at the same time, the company needs to act as soon as possible. The solutions architect also must reduce false alarms.

What should the solutions architect do to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Create Amazon CloudWatch composite alarms where possible.

B.

Create Amazon CloudWatch dashboards to visualize the metrics and react to issues quickly.

C.

Create Amazon CloudWatch Synthetics canaries to monitor the application and raise an alarm.

D.

Create single Amazon CloudWatch metric alarms with multiple metric thresholds where possible.

Question 149

A business's backup data totals 700 terabytes (TB) and is kept in network attached storage (NAS) at its data center. This backup data must be available in the event of occasional regulatory inquiries and preserved for a period of seven years. The organization has chosen to relocate its backup data from its on-premises data center to Amazon Web Services (AWS). Within one month, the migration must be completed. The company's public internet connection provides 500 Mbps of dedicated capacity for data transport.

What should a solutions architect do to ensure that data is migrated and stored at the LOWEST possible cost?

Options:

A.

Order AWS Snowball devices to transfer the data. Use a lifecycle policy to transition the files to Amazon S3 Glacier Deep Archive.

B.

Deploy a VPN connection between the data center and Amazon VPC. Use the AWS CLI to copy the data from on premises to Amazon S3 Glacier.

C.

Provision a 500 Mbps AWS Direct Connect connection and transfer the data to Amazon S3. Use a lifecycle policy to transition the files to Amazon S3 Glacier Deep Archive.

D.

Use AWS DataSync to transfer the data and deploy a DataSync agent on premises. Use the DataSync task to copy files from the on-premises NAS storage to Amazon S3 Glacier.

Question 150

A solutions architect needs to implement a solution to reduce a company's storage costs. All the company's data is in the Amazon S3 Standard storage class. The company must keep all data for at least 25 years. Data from the most recent 2 years must be highly available and immediately retrievable.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Set up an S3 Lifecycle policy to transition objects to S3 Glacier Deep Archive immediately.

B.

Set up an S3 Lifecycle policy to transition objects to S3 Glacier Deep Archive after 2 years.

C.

Use S3 Intelligent-Tiering. Activate the archiving option to ensure that data is archived in S3 Glacier Deep Archive.

D.

Set up an S3 Lifecycle policy to transition objects to S3 One Zone-Infrequent Access (S3 One Zone-IA) immediately and to S3 Glacier Deep Archive after 2 years.

Question 151

A company has a data ingestion workflow that includes the following components:

• An Amazon Simple Notation Service (Amazon SNS) topic that receives notifications about new data deliveries

• An AWS Lambda function that processes and stores the data

The ingestion workflow occasionally fails because of network connectivity issues. When tenure occurs the corresponding data is not ingested unless the company manually reruns the job. What should a solutions architect do to ensure that all notifications are eventually processed?

Options:

A.

Configure the Lambda function (or deployment across multiple Availability Zones

B.

Modify me Lambda functions configuration to increase the CPU and memory allocations tor the (unction

C.

Configure the SNS topic's retry strategy to increase both the number of retries and the wait time between retries

D.

Configure an Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) queue as the on failure destination Modify the Lambda function to process messages in the queue

Question 152

A company uses a popular content management system (CMS) for its corporate website. However, the required patching and maintenance are burdensome. The company is redesigning its website and wants anew solution. The website will be updated four times a year and does not need to have any dynamic content available. The solution must provide high scalability and enhanced security.

Which combination of changes will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

Deploy an AWS WAF web ACL in front of the website to provide HTTPS functionality

B.

Create and deploy an AWS Lambda function to manage and serve the website content

C.

Create the new website and an Amazon S3 bucket Deploy the website on the S3 bucket with static website hosting enabled

D.

Create the new website. Deploy the website by using an Auto Scaling group of Amazon EC2 instances behind an Application Load Balancer.

Question 153

A company runs containers in a Kubernetes environment in the company's local data center. The company wants to use Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (Amazon EKS) and other AWS managed services Data must remain locally in the company's data center and cannot be stored in any remote site or cloud to maintain compliance

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Deploy AWS Local Zones in the company's data center

B.

Use an AWS Snowmobile in the company's data center

C.

Install an AWS Outposts rack in the company's data center

D.

Install an AWS Snowball Edge Storage Optimized node in the data center

Question 154

A company is developing a new machine learning (ML) model solution on AWS. The models are developed as independent microservices that fetch approximately 1 GB of model data from Amazon $3 at startup and load the data into memory. Users access the models through an asynchronous API. Users can send a request or a batch of requests and specify where the results should be sent.

The company provides models to hundreds of users. The usage patterns for the models are irregular. Some models could be unused for days or weeks. Other models could receive batches of thousands of requests at a time.

Which design should a solutions architect recommend to meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Direct the requests from the API to a Network Load Balancer (NLB). Deploy the models as AWS Lambda functions that are invoked by the NLB.

B.

Direct the requests from the API to an Application Load Balancer (ALB). Deploy the models as Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) services that read from an Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) queue. Use AWS App Mesh to scale the instances of the ECS cluster based on the SQS queue size.

C.

Direct the requests from the API into an Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) queue. Deploy the models as AWS Lambda functions that are invoked by SQS events. Use AWS Auto Scaling to increase the number of vCPUs for the Lambda functions based on the SQS queue size.

D.

Direct the requests from the API into an Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) queue. Deploy the models as Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) services that read from the queue. Enable AWS Auto Scaling on Amazon ECS for both the cluster and copies of the service based on the queue size.

Question 155

A company runs applications on AWS that connect to the company's Amazon RDS database. The applications scale on weekends and at peak times of the year. The company wants to scale the database more effectively for its applications that connect to the database.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Use Amazon DynamoDB with connection pooling with a target group configuration for the database. Change the applications to use the DynamoDB endpoint.

B.

Use Amazon RDS Proxy with a target group for the database. Change the applications to use the RDS Proxy endpoint.

C.

Use a custom proxy that runs on Amazon EC2 as an intermediary to the database. Change the applications to use the custom proxy endpoint.

D.

Use an AWS Lambda function to provide connection pooling with a target group configuration for the database. Change the applications to use the Lambda function.

Question 156

A company designed a stateless two-tier application that uses Amazon EC2 in a single Availability Zone and an Amazon RDS Multi-AZ DB instance New company management wants to ensure the application is highly available.

What should a solutions architect do to meet this requirement?

Options:

A.

Configure the application to use Multi-AZ EC2 Auto Scaling and create an Application Load Balancer

B.

Configure the application to take snapshots of the EC2 instances and send them to a different AWS Region.

C.

Configure the application to use Amazon Route 53 latency-based routing to feed requests to the application.

D.

Configure Amazon Route 53 rules to handle incoming requests and create a Multi-AZ Application Load Balancer

Question 157

A company is looking for a solution that can store video archives in AWS from old news footage. The company needs to minimize costs and will rarely need to restore these files. When the h|es are needed, they must be available in a maximum of five minutes.

What is the MOST cost-effective solution?

Options:

A.

Store the video archives in Amazon S3 Glacier and use Expedited retrievals.

B.

Store the video archives in Amazon S3 Glacier and use Standard retrievals.

C.

Store the video archives in Amazon S3 Standard-Infrequent Access (S3 Standard-IA).

D.

Store the video archives in Amazon S3 One Zone-Infrequent Access (S3 One Zone-IA)

Question 158

A company uses AWS Organizations with all features enabled and runs multiple Amazon EC2 workloads in the ap-southeast-2 Region. The company has a service control policy (SCP) that prevents any resources from being created in any other Region. A security policy requires the company to encrypt all data at rest.

An audit discovers that employees have created Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volumes for EC2 instances without encrypting the volumes. The company wants any new EC2 instances that any 1AM user or root user launches in ap-southeast-2 to use encrypted EBS volumes. The company wants a solution that will have minimal effect on employees who create EBS volumes.

Which combination of steps will meet these requirements? (Select TWO.)

Options:

A.

In the Amazon EC2 console, select the EBS encryption account attribute and define a default encryption key.

B.

Create an 1AM permission boundary. Attach the permission boundary to the root organizational unit (OU). Define the boundary to deny the ec2:CreateVolume action when the ec2:Encrypted condition equals false.

C.

Create an SCR Attach the SCP to the root organizational unit (OU). Define the SCP to deny the ec2:CreateVolume action when the ec2:Encrypted condition equals false.

D.

Update the 1AM policies for each account to deny the ec2:CreateVolume action when the ec2:Encrypted condition equals false.

E.

In the Organizations management account, specify the Default EBS volume encryption setting.

Question 159

A company is building an Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (Amazon EKS) cluster for its workloads. All secrets that are stored in Amazon EKS must be encrypted in the Kubernetes etcd key-value store.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Create a new AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) key Use AWS Secrets Manager to manage rotate, and store all secrets in Amazon EKS.

B.

Create a new AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) key Enable Amazon EKS KMS secrets encryption on the Amazon EKS cluster.

C.

Create the Amazon EKS cluster with default options Use the Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) Container Storage Interface (CSI) driver as an add-on.

D.

Create a new AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) key with the ahas/aws/ebs alias Enable default Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volume encryption for the account.

Question 160

A company is designing the network for an online multi-player game. The game uses the UDP networking protocol and will be deployed in eight AWS Regions. The network architecture needs to minimize latency and packet loss to give end users a high-quality gaming experience.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Set up a transit gateway in each Region. Create inter-Region peering attachments between each transit gateway.

B.

Set up AWS Global Accelerator with UDP listeners and endpoint groups in each Region.

C.

Set up Amazon CloudFront with UDP turned on. Configure an origin in each Region.

D.

Set up a VPC peering mesh between each Region. Turn on UDP for each VPC.

Question 161

A company wants to experiment with individual AWS accounts for its engineer team. The company wants to be notified as soon as the Amazon EC2 instance usage for a given month exceeds a specific threshold for each account.

What should a solutions architect do to meet this requirement MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Use Cost Explorer to create a daily report of costs by service. Filter the report by EC2 instances. Configure Cost Explorer to send an Amazon Simple Email Service (Amazon SES) notification when a threshold is exceeded.

B.

Use Cost Explorer to create a monthly report of costs by service. Filter the report by EC2 instances. Configure Cost Explorer to send an Amazon Simple Email Service (Amazon SES) notification when a threshold is exceeded.

C.

Use AWS Budgets to create a cost budget for each account. Set the period to monthly. Set the scope to EC2 instances. Set an alert threshold for the budget. Configure an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic to receive a notification when a threshold is exceeded.

D.

Use AWS Cost and Usage Reports to create a report with hourly granularity. Integrate the report data with Amazon Athena. Use Amazon EventBridge to schedule an Athena query. Configure an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic to receive a notification when a threshold is exceeded.

Question 162

A company is preparing a new data platform that will ingest real-time streaming data from multiple sources. The company needs to transform the data before writing the data to Amazon S3. The company needs the ability to use SQL to query the transformed data.

Which solutions will meet these requirements? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

Use Amazon Kinesis Data Streams to stream the data. Use Amazon Kinesis Data Analytics to transform the data. Use Amazon Kinesis Data Firehose to write the data to Amazon S3. Use Amazon Athena to query the transformed data from Amazon S3.

B.

Use Amazon Managed Streaming for Apache Kafka (Amazon MSK) to stream the data. Use AWS Glue to transform the data and to write the data to Amazon S3. Use Amazon Athena to query the transformed data from Amazon S3.

C.

Use AWS Database Migration Service (AWS DMS) to ingest the data. Use Amazon EMR to transform the data and to write the data to Amazon S3. Use Amazon Athena to query the transformed data from Amazon S3.

D.

Use Amazon Managed Streaming for Apache Kafka (Amazon MSK) to stream the data. Use Amazon Kinesis Data Analytics to transform the data and to write the data to Amazon S3. Use the Amazon RDS query editor to query the transformed data from Amazon S3.

E.

Use Amazon Kinesis Data Streams to stream the data. Use AWS Glue to transform the data. Use Amazon Kinesis Data Firehose to write the data to Amazon S3. Use the Amazon RDS query editor to query the transformed data from Amazon S3.

Question 163

A company has a large workload that runs every Friday evening. The workload runs on Amazon EC2 instances that are in two Availability Zones in the us-east-1 Region. Normally, the company must run no more than two instances at all times. However, the company wants to scale up to six instances each Friday to handle a regularly repeating increased workload.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Create a reminder in Amazon EventBridge to scale the instances.

B.

Create an Auto Scaling group that has a scheduled action.

C.

Create an Auto Scaling group that uses manual scaling.

D.

Create an Auto Scaling group that uses automatic scaling.

Question 164

A company has hired a solutions architect to design a reliable architecture for its application. The application consists of one Amazon RDS DB instance and two manually provisioned Amazon EC2 instances that run web servers. The EC2 instances are located in a single Availability Zone.

An employee recently deleted the DB instance, and the application was unavailable for 24 hours as a result. The company is concerned with the overall reliability of its environment.

What should the solutions architect do to maximize reliability of the application's infrastructure?

Options:

A.

Delete one EC2 instance and enable termination protection on the other EC2 instance. Update the DB instance to be Multi-AZ, and enable deletion protection.

B.

Update the DB instance to be Multi-AZ, and enable deletion protection. Place the EC2 instances behind an Application Load Balancer, and run them in an EC2 Auto Scaling group across multiple Availability Zones.

C.

Create an additional DB instance along with an Amazon API Gateway and an AWS Lambda function. Configure the application to invoke the Lambda function through API Gateway. Have the Lambda function write the data to the two DB instances.

D.

Place the EC2 instances in an EC2 Auto Scaling group that has multiple subnets located in multiple Availability Zones. Use Spot Instances instead of On-Demand Instances. Set up Amazon CloudWatch alarms to monitor the health of the instances. Update the DB instance to be Multi-AZ, and enable deletion protection.

Question 165

A company has migrated multiple Microsoft Windows Server workloads to Amazon EC2 instances that run in the us-west-1 Region. The company manually backs up the workloads to create an image as needed.

In the event of a natural disaster in the us-west-1 Region, the company wants to recover workloads quickly in the us-west-2 Region. The company wants no more than 24 hours of data loss on the EC2 instances. The company also wants to automate any backups of the EC2 instances.

Which solutions will meet these requirements with the LEAST administrative effort? (Select TWO.)

Options:

A.

Create an Amazon EC2-backed Amazon Machine Image (AMI) lifecycle policy to create a backup based on tags. Schedule the backup to run twice daily. Copy the image on demand.

B.

Create an Amazon EC2-backed Amazon Machine Image (AMI) lifecycle policy to create a backup based on tags. Schedule the backup to run twice daily. Configure the copy to the us-west-2 Region.

C.

Create backup vaults in us-west-1 and in us-west-2 by using AWS Backup. Create a backup plan for the EC2 instances based on tag values. Create an AWS Lambda function to run as a scheduled job to copy the backup data to us-west-2.

D.

Create a backup vault by using AWS Backup. Use AWS Backup to create a backup plan for the EC2 instances based on tag values. Define the destination for the copy as us-west-2. Specify the backup schedule to run twice daily.

E.

Create a backup vault by using AWS Backup. Use AWS Backup to create a backup plan for the EC2 instances based on tag values. Specify the backup schedule to run twice daily. Copy on demand to us-west-2.

Question 166

A company has multiple Windows file servers on premises. The company wants to migrate and consolidate its files into an Amazon FSx for Windows File Server file system. File permissions must be preserved to ensure that access rights do not change.

Which solutions will meet these requirements? (Select TWO.)

Options:

A.

Deploy AWS DataSync agents on premises. Schedule DataSync tasks to transfer the data to the FSx for Windows File Server file system.

B.

Copy the shares on each file server into Amazon S3 buckets by using the AWS CLI Schedule AWS DataSync tasks to transfer the data to the FSx for Windows File Server file system.

C.

Remove the drives from each file server Ship the drives to AWS for import into Amazon S3. Schedule AWS DataSync tasks to transfer the data to the FSx for Windows File Server file system

D.

Order an AWS Snowcone device. Connect the device to the on-premises network. Launch AWS DataSync agents on the device. Schedule DataSync tasks to transfer the data to the FSx for Windows File Server file system,

E.

Order an AWS Snowball Edge Storage Optimized device. Connect the device to the on-premises network. Copy data to the device by using the AWS CLI. Ship the device back to AWS for import into Amazon S3. Schedule AWS DataSync tasks to transfer the data to the FSx for Windows File Server file system.

Question 167

A solutions architect has created a new AWS account and must secure AWS account root user access.

Which combination of actions will accomplish this? (Choose two.)

Options:

A.

Ensure the root user uses a strong password.

B.

Enable multi-factor authentication to the root user.

C.

Store root user access keys in an encrypted Amazon S3 bucket.

D.

Add the root user to a group containing administrative permissions.

E.

Apply the required permissions to the root user with an inline policy document.

Question 168

A company has hired an external vendor to perform work in the company’s AWS account. The vendor uses an automated tool that is hosted in an AWS account that the vendor owns. The vendor does not have IAM access to the company’s AWS account.

How should a solutions architect grant this access to the vendor?

Options:

A.

Create an IAM role in the company’s account to delegate access to the vendor’s IAM role. Attach the appropriate IAM policies to the role for the permissions that the vendor requires.

B.

Create an IAM user in the company’s account with a password that meets the password complexity requirements. Attach the appropriate IAM policies to the user for the permissions that the vendor requires.

C.

Create an IAM group in the company’s account. Add the tool’s IAM user from the vendor account to the group. Attach the appropriate IAM policies to the group for the permissions that the vendor requires.

D.

Create a new identity provider by choosing “AWS account” as the provider type in the IAM console. Supply the vendor’s AWS account ID and user name. Attach the appropriate IAM policies to the new provider for the permissions that the vendor requires.

Question 169

A company hosts multiple production applications. One of the applications consists of resources from Amazon EC2, AWS Lambda, Amazon RDS, Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS), and Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) across multiple AWS Regions. All company resources are tagged with a tag name of “application” and a value that corresponds to each application. A solutions architect must provide the quickest solution for identifying all of the tagged components.

Which solution meets these requirements?

Options:

A.

Use AWS CloudTrail to generate a list of resources with the application tag.

B.

Use the AWS CLI to query each service across all Regions to report the tagged components.

C.

Run a query in Amazon CloudWatch Logs Insights to report on the components with the application tag.

D.

Run a query with the AWS Resource Groups Tag Editor to report on the resources globally with the application tag.

Question 170

A company runs an application on AWS. The application receives inconsistent amounts of usage. The application uses AWS Direct Connect to connect to an on-premises MySQL-compatible database. The on-premises database consistently uses a minimum of 2 GiB of memory.

The company wants to migrate the on-premises database to a managed AWS service. The company wants to use auto scaling capabilities to manage unexpected workload increases.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST administrative overhead?

Options:

A.

Provision an Amazon DynamoDB database with default read and write capacity settings.

B.

Provision an Amazon Aurora database with a minimum capacity of 1 Aurora capacity unit (ACU).

C.

Provision an Amazon Aurora Serverless v2 database with a minimum capacity of 1 Aurora capacity unit (ACU).

D.

Provision an Amazon RDS for MySQL database with 2 GiB of memory.

Question 171

A company wants to analyze and generate reports to track the usage of its mobile app. The app is popular and has a global user base The company uses a custom report building program to analyze application usage.

The program generates multiple reports during the last week of each month. The program takes less than 10 minutes to produce each report. The company rarely uses the program to generate reports outside of the last week of each month. The company wants to generate reports in the least amount of time when the reports are requested.

Which solution will meet these requirements MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Run the program by using Amazon EC2 On-Demand Instances. Create an Amazon EventBridge rule to start the EC2 instances when reports are requested. Run the EC2 instances continuously during the last week of each month.

B.

Run the program in AWS Lambda. Create an Amazon EventBridge rule to run a Lambda function when reports are requested.

C.

Run the program in Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS). Schedule Amazon ECS to run the program when reports are requested.

D.

Run the program by using Amazon EC2 Spot Instances. Create an Amazon EventBridge rule to start the EC2 instances when reports are requested. Run the EC2 instances continuously during the last week of each month.

Question 172

A company runs container applications by using Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (Amazon EKS) and the Kubernetes Horizontal Pod Autoscaler. The workload is not consistent throughout the day. A solutions architect notices that the number of nodes does not automatically scale out when the existing nodes have reached maximum capacity in the cluster, which causes performance issues

Which solution will resolve this issue with the LEAST administrative overhead?

Options:

A.

Scale out the nodes by tracking the memory usage

B.

Use the Kubernetes Cluster Autoscaler to manage the number of nodes in the cluster.

C.

Use an AWS Lambda function to resize the EKS cluster automatically.

D.

Use an Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling group to distribute the workload.

Question 173

A company has an organization in AWS Organizations. The company runs Amazon EC2 instances across four AWS accounts in the root organizational unit (OU). There are three nonproduction accounts and one production account. The company wants to prohibit users from launching EC2 instances of a certain size in the nonproduction accounts. The company has created a service control policy (SCP) to deny access to launch instances that use the prohibited types.

Which solutions to deploy the SCP will meet these requirements? (Select TWO.)

Options:

A.

Attach the SCP to the root OU for the organization.

B.

Attach the SCP to the three nonproduction Organizations member accounts.

C.

Attach the SCP to the Organizations management account.

D.

Create an OU for the production account. Attach the SCP to the OU. Move the production member account into the new OU.

E.

Create an OU for the required accounts. Attach the SCP to the OU. Move the nonproduction member accounts into the new OU.

Question 174

A company uses Amazon EC2 instances and Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volumes to run an application. The company creates one snapshot of each EBS volume every day to meet compliance requirements. The company wants to implement an architecture that prevents the accidental deletion of EBS volume snapshots. The solution must not change the administrative rights of the storage administrator user.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST administrative effort?

Options:

A.

Create an 1AM role that has permission to delete snapshots. Attach the role to a new EC2 instance. Use the AWS CLI from the new EC2 instance to delete snapshots.

B.

Create an 1AM policy that denies snapshot deletion. Attach the policy to the storage administrator user.

C.

Add tags to the snapshots. Create retention rules in Recycle Bin for EBS snapshots that have the tags.

D.

Lock the EBS snapshots to prevent deletion.

Question 175

An loT company is releasing a mattress that has sensors to collect data about a user's sleep. The sensors will send data to an Amazon S3 bucket. The sensors collect approximately 2 MB of data every night for each mattress. The company must process and summarize the data for each mattress. The results need to be available as soon as possible Data processing will require 1 GB of memory and will finish within 30 seconds.

Which solution will meet these requirements MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Use AWS Glue with a Scalajob.

B.

Use Amazon EMR with an Apache Spark script.

C.

Use AWS Lambda with a Python script.

D.

Use AWS Glue with a PySpark job.

Question 176

A company needs to store contract documents. A contract lasts for 5 years. During the 5-year period, the company must ensure that the documents cannot be overwritten or deleted. The company needs to encrypt the documents at rest and rotate the encryption keys automatically every year.

Which combination of steps should a solutions architect take to meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead? (Select TWO.)

Options:

A.

Store the documents in Amazon S3. Use S3 Object Lock in governance mode.

B.

Store the documents in Amazon S3. Use S3 Object Lock in compliance mode.

C.

Use server-side encryption with Amazon S3 managed encryption keys (SSE-S3). Configure key rotation.

D.

Use server-side encryption with AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) customer managed keys. Configure key rotation.

E.

Use server-side encryption with AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) customer provided (imported) keys. Configure key rotation.

Question 177

A company needs to minimize the cost of its 1 Gbps AWS Direct Connect connection. The company's average connection utilization is less than 10%. A solutions architect must recommend a solution that will reduce the cost without compromising security.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Set up a new 1 Gbps Direct Connect connection. Share the connection with another AWS account.

B.

Set up a new 200 Mbps Direct Connect connection in the AWS Management Console.

C.

Contact an AWS Direct Connect Partner to order a 1 Gbps connection. Share the connection with another AWS account.

D.

Contact an AWS Direct Connect Partner to order a 200 Mbps hosted connection for an existing AWS account.

Question 178

A company has users all around the world accessing its HTTP-based application deployed on Amazon EC2 instances in multiple AWS Regions. The company wants to improve the availability and performance of the application. The company also wants to protect the application against common web exploits that may affect availability, compromise security, or consume excessive resources. Static IP addresses are required.

What should a solutions architect recommend to accomplish this?

Options:

A.

Put the EC2 instances behind Network Load Balancers (NLBs) in each Region. Deploy AWS WAF on the NLBs. Create an accelerator using AWS Global Accelerator and register the NLBs as endpoints.

B.

Put the EC2 instances behind Application Load Balancers (ALBs) in each Region. Deploy AWS WAF on the ALBs. Create an accelerator using AWS Global Accelerator and register the ALBs as endpoints.

C.

Put the EC2 instances behind Network Load Balancers (NLBs) in each Region. Deploy AWS WAF on the NLBs. Create an Amazon CloudFront distribution with an origin that uses Amazon Route 53 latency-based routing to route requests to the NLBs.

D.

Put the EC2 instances behind Application Load Balancers (ALBs) in each Region. Create an Amazon CloudFront distribution with an origin that uses Amazon Route 53 latency-based routing to route requests to the ALBs. Deploy AWS WAF on the CloudFront distribution.

Question 179

A city has deployed a web application running on Amazon EC2 instances behind an Application Load Balancer (ALB). The application's users have reported sporadic performance, which appears to be related to DDoS attacks originating from random IP addresses. The city needs a solution that requires minimal configuration changes and provides an audit trail for the DDoS sources.

Which solution meets these requirements?

Options:

A.

Enable an AWS WAF web ACL on the ALB, and configure rules to block traffic from unknown sources.

B.

Subscribe to Amazon Inspector. Engage the AWS DDoS Response Team (DRT) to integrate mitigating controls into the service.

C.

Subscribe to AWS Shield Advanced. Engage the AWS DDoS Response Team (DRT) to integrate mitigating controls into the service.

D.

Create an Amazon CloudFront distribution for the application, and set the ALB as the origin. Enable an AWS WAF web ACL on the distribution, and configure rules to block traffic from unknown sources.

Question 180

A company runs an application on a group of Amazon Linux EC2 instances. For compliance reasons, the company must retain all application log files for 7 years. The log files will be analyzed by a reporting tool that must be able to access all the files concurrently.

Which storage solution meets these requirements MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS)

B.

Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS)

C.

Amazon EC2 instance store

D.

Amazon S3

Question 181

A company runs a real-time data ingestion solution on AWS. The solution consists of the most recent version of Amazon Managed Streaming for Apache Kafka (Amazon MSK). The solution is deployed in a VPC in private subnets across three Availability Zones.

A solutions architect needs to redesign the data ingestion solution to be publicly available over the internet. The data in transit must also be encrypted.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the MOST operational efficiency?

Options:

A.

Configure public subnets in the existing VPC. Deploy an MSK cluster in the public subnets. Update the MSK cluster security settings to enable mutual TLS authentication.

B.

Create a new VPC that has public subnets. Deploy an MSK cluster in the public subnets. Update the MSK cluster security settings to enable mutual TLS authentication.

C.

Deploy an Application Load Balancer (ALB) that uses private subnets. Configure an ALB security group inbound rule to allow inbound traffic from the VPC CIDR block for HTTPS protocol.

D.

Deploy a Network Load Balancer (NLB) that uses private subnets. Configure an NLB listener for HTTPS communication over the internet.

Question 182

A company needs to configure a real-time data ingestion architecture for its application. The company needs an API. a process that transforms data as the data is streamed, and a storage solution for the data.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Deploy an Amazon EC2 instance to host an API that sends data to an Amazon Kinesis data stream. Create an Amazon Kinesis Data Firehose delivery stream that uses the Kinesis data stream as a data source. Use AWS Lambda functions to transform the data. Use the Kinesis Data Firehose delivery stream to send the data to Amazon S3.

B.

Deploy an Amazon EC2 instance to host an API that sends data to AWS Glue. Stop source/destination checking on the EC2 instance. Use AWS Glue to transform the data and to send the data to Amazon S3.

C.

Configure an Amazon API Gateway API to send data to an Amazon Kinesis data stream. Create an Amazon Kinesis Data Firehose delivery stream that uses

the Kinesis data stream as a data source. Use AWS Lambda functions to transform the data. Use the Kinesis Data Firehose delivery stream to send the data to Amazon S3.

D.

Configure an Amazon API Gateway API to send data to AWS Glue. Use AWS Lambda functions to transform the data. Use AWS Glue to send the data to Amazon S3.

Question 183

A company runs an infrastructure monitoring service. The company is building a new feature that will enable the service to monitor data in customer AWS accounts. The new feature will call AWS APIs in customer accounts to describe Amazon EC2 instances and read Amazon CloudWatch metrics.

What should the company do to obtain access to customer accounts in the MOST secure way?

Options:

A.

Ensure that the customers create an 1AM role in their account with read-only EC2 and CloudWatch permissions and a trust policy to the company's account.

B.

Create a serverless API that implements a token vending machine to provide temporary AWS credentials for a role with read-only EC2 and CloudWatch permissions.

C.

Ensure that the customers create an 1AM user in their account with read-only EC2 and CloudWatch permissions. Encrypt and store customer access and secret keys in a secrets management system.

D.

Ensure that the customers create an Amazon Cognito user in their account to use an 1AM role with read-only EC2 and CloudWatch permissions. Encrypt and store the Amazon Cognito user and password in a secrets management system.

Question 184

An ecommerce company stores terabytes of customer data in the AWS Cloud. The data contains personally identifiable information (Pll). The company wants to use the

data in three applications. Only one of the applications needs to process the Pll. The Pll must be removed before the other two applications process the data.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Store the data in an Amazon DynamoDB table. Create a proxy application layer to intercept and process the data that each application requests.

B.

Store the data in an Amazon S3 bucket. Process and transform the data by using S3 Object Lambda before returning the data to the requesting application.

C.

Process the data and store the transformed data in three separate Amazon S3 buckets so that each application has its own custom dataset. Point each application to its respective S3 bucket.

D.

Process the data and store the transformed data in three separate Amazon DynamoDB tables so that each application has its own custom dataset. Point each application to its respective DynamoDB table.

Question 185

A global marketing company has applications that run in the ap-southeast-2 Region and the eu-west-1 Region. Applications that run in a VPC in eu-west-1 need to communicate securely with databases that run in a VPC in ap-southeast-2.

Which network design will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Create a VPC peering connection between the eu-west-1 VPC and the ap-southeast-2 VPC. Create an inbound rule in the eu-west-1 application security group that allows traffic from the database server IP addresses in the ap-southeast-2 security group.

B.

Configure a VPC peering connection between the ap-southeast-2 VPC and the eu-west-1 VPC. Update the subnet route tables. Create an inbound rule in the ap-southeast-2 database security group that references the security group ID of the application servers in eu-west-1.

C.

Configure a VPC peering connection between the ap-southeast-2 VPC and the eu-west-1 VPC. Update the subnet route tables Create an inbound rule in the ap-southeast-2 database security group that allows traffic from the eu-west-1 application server IP addresses.

D.

Create a transit gateway with a peering attachment between the eu-west-1 VPC and the ap-southeast-2 VPC. After the transit gateways are properly peered and routing is configured, create an inbound rule in the database security group that references the security group ID of the application servers in eu-west-1.

Question 186

A company manages its own Amazon EC2 instances that run MySQL databases. The company is manually managing replication and scaling as demand increases or decreases. The company needs a new solution that simplifies the process of adding or removing compute capacity to or from its database tier as needed. The solution also must offer improved performance, scaling, and durability with minimal effort from operations.

Which solution meets these requirements?

Options:

A.

Migrate the databases to Amazon Aurora Serverless for Aurora MySQL.

B.

Migrate the databases to Amazon Aurora Serverless for Aurora PostgreSQL.

C.

Combine the databases into one larger MySQL database. Run the larger database on larger EC2 instances.

D.

Create an EC2 Auto Scaling group for the database tier. Migrate the existing databases to the new environment.

Question 187

A company has deployed its newest product on AWS. The product runs in an Auto Scaling group behind a Network Load Balancer. The company stores the product's objects in an Amazon S3 bucket.

The company recently experienced malicious attacks against its systems. The company needs a solution that continuously monitors for malicious activity in the AWS account, workloads, and access patterns to the S3 bucket. The solution must also report suspicious activity and display the information on a dashboard.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Configure Amazon Made to monitor and report findings to AWS Config.

B.

Configure Amazon Inspector to monitor and report findings to AWS CloudTrail.

C.

Configure Amazon GuardDuty to monitor and report findings to AWS Security Hub.

D.

Configure AWS Config to monitor and report findings to Amazon EventBridge.

Question 188

A company runs container applications by using Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (Amazon EKS). The company's workload is not consistent throughout the day The company wants Amazon EKS to scale in and out according to the workload.

Which combination of steps will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead? {Select TWO.)

Options:

A.

Use an AWS Lambda function to resize the EKS cluster

B.

Use the Kubernetes Metrics Server to activate horizontal pod autoscaling.

C.

Use the Kubernetes Cluster Autoscaler to manage the number of nodes in the cluster.

D.

Use Amazon API Gateway and connect it to Amazon EKS

E.

Use AWS App Mesh to observe network activity.

Question 189

A company has a mobile chat application with a data store based in Amazon uynamoUb. users would like new messages to be read with as little latency as possible A solutions architect needs to design an optimal solution that requires minimal application changes.

Which method should the solutions architect select?

Options:

A.

Configure Amazon DynamoDB Accelerator (DAX) for the new messages table. Update the code to use the DAXendpoint.

B.

Add DynamoDB read repticas to handle the increased read load. Update the application to point to the read endpoint for the read replicas.

C.

Double the number of read capacity units for the new messages table in DynamoDB. Continue to use the existing DynamoDB endpoint.

D.

Add an Amazon ElastiCache for Redis cache to the application stack. Update the application to point to the Redis cache endpoint instead of DynamoDB.

Question 190

A company has applications hosted on Amazon EC2 instances with IPv6 addresses. The applications must initiate communications with other external applications using the internet.

However, the company’s security policy states that any external service cannot initiate a connection to the EC2 instances.

What should a solutions architect recommend to resolve this issue?

Options:

A.

Create a NAT gateway and make it the destination of the subnet's route table.

B.

Create an internet gateway and make it the destination of the subnet's route table

C.

Create a virtual private gateway and make it the destination of the subnet's route table.

D.

Create an egress-only internet gateway and make it the destination of the subnet's route table.

Question 191

A company wants to move from many standalone AWS accounts to a consolidated, multi-account architecture The company plans to create many new AWS accounts for different business units. The company needs to authenticate access to these AWS accounts by using a centralized corporate directory service.

Which combination of actions should a solutions architect recommend to meet these requirements? (Select TWO.)

Options:

A.

Create a new organization in AWS Organizations with all features turned on. Create the new AWS accounts in the organization.

B.

Set up an Amazon Cognito identity pool. Configure AWS 1AM Identity Center (AWS Single Sign-On) to accept Amazon Cognito authentication.

C.

Configure a service control policy (SCP) to manage the AWS accounts. Add AWS 1AM Identity Center (AWS Single Sign-On) to AWS Directory Service.

D.

Create a new organization in AWS Organizations. Configure the organization's authentication mechanism to use AWS Directory Service directly.

E.

Set up AWS 1AM Identity Center (AWS Single Sign-On) in the organization. Configure 1AM Identity Center, and integrate it with the company's corporate directory service.

Question 192

An application runs on an Amazon EC2 instance that has an Elastic IP address in VPC A. The application requires access to a database in VPC B. Both VPCs are in the same AWS account.

Which solution will provide the required access MOST securely?

Options:

A.

Create a DB instance security group that allows all traffic from the public IP address of the application server in VPC A.

B.

Configure a VPC peering connection between VPC A and VPC B.

C.

Make the DB instance publicly accessible. Assign a public IP address to the DB instance.

D.

Launch an EC2 instance with an Elastic IP address into VPC B. Proxy all requests through the new EC2 instance.

Question 193

A company wants to host a scalable web application on AWS. The application will be accessed by users from different geographic regions of the world. Application users will be able to download and upload unique data up to gigabytes in size. The development team wants a cost-effective solution to minimize upload and download latency and maximize performance.

What should a solutions architect do to accomplish this?

Options:

A.

Use Amazon S3 with Transfer Acceleration to host the application.

B.

Use Amazon S3 with CacheControl headers to host the application.

C.

Use Amazon EC2 with Auto Scaling and Amazon CloudFront to host the application.

D.

Use Amazon EC2 with Auto Scaling and Amazon ElastiCache to host the application.

Question 194

A company deployed a serverless application that uses Amazon DynamoDB as a database layer The application has experienced a large increase in users. The company wants to improve database response time from milliseconds to microseconds and to cache requests to the database.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Use DynamoDB Accelerator (DAX).

B.

Migrate the database to Amazon Redshift.

C.

Migrate the database to Amazon RDS.

D.

Use Amazon ElastiCache for Redis.

Question 195

A company has NFS servers in an on-premises data center that need to periodically back up small amounts of data to Amazon S3. Which solution meets these requirements and is MOST cost-effective?

Options:

A.

Set up AWS Glue to copy the data from the on-premises servers to Amazon S3.

B.

Set up an AWS DataSync agent on the on-premises servers, and sync the data to Amazon S3.

C.

Set up an SFTP sync using AWS Transfer for SFTP to sync data from on premises to Amazon S3.

D.

Set up an AWS Direct Connect connection between the on-premises data center and a VPC, and copy the data to Amazon S3.

Question 196

A development team is collaborating with another company to create an integrated product. The other company needs to access an Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) queue that is contained in the development team's account. The other company wants to poll the queue without giving up its own account permissions to do so.

How should a solutions architect provide access to the SQS queue?

Options:

A.

Create an instance profile that provides the other company access to the SQS queue.

B.

Create an 1AM policy that provides the other company access to the SQS queue.

C.

Create an SQS access policy that provides the other company access to the SQS queue.

D.

Create an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) access policy that provides the other company access to the SQS queue.

Question 197

A company has a business-critical application that runs on Amazon EC2 instances. The application stores data in an Amazon DynamoDB table. The company must be able to revert the table to any point within the last 24 hours.

Which solution meets these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?

Options:

A.

Configure point-in-time recovery for the table.

B.

Use AWS Backup for the table.

C.

Use an AWS Lambda function to make an on-demand backup of the table every hour.

D.

Turn on streams on the table to capture a log of all changes to the table in the last 24 hours Store a copy of the stream in an Amazon S3 bucket.

Question 198

A financial company needs to handle highly sensitive data The company will store the data in an Amazon S3 bucket The company needs to ensure that the data is encrypted in transit and at rest The company must manage the encryption keys outside the AWS Cloud

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Encrypt the data in the S3 bucket with server-side encryption (SSE) that uses an AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) customer managed key

B.

Encrypt the data in the S3 bucket with server-side encryption (SSE) that uses an AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) AWS managed key

C.

Encrypt the data in the S3 bucket with the default server-side encryption (SSE)

D.

Encrypt the data at the company's data center before storing the data in the S3 bucket

Question 199

A company’s reporting system delivers hundreds of .csv files to an Amazon S3 bucket each day. The company must convert these files to Apache Parquet format and must store the files in a transformed data bucket.

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST development effort?

Options:

A.

Create an Amazon EMR cluster with Apache Spark installed. Write a Spark application to transform the data. Use EMR File System (EMRFS) to write files to the transformed data bucket.

B.

Create an AWS Glue crawler to discover the data. Create an AWS Glue extract, transform, and load (ETL) job to transform the data. Specify the transformed data bucket in the output step.

C.

Use AWS Batch to create a job definition with Bash syntax to transform the data and output the data to the transformed data bucket. Use the job definition to submit a job. Specify an array job as the job type.

D.

Create an AWS Lambda function to transform the data and output the data to the transformed data bucket. Configure an event notification for the S3 bucket. Specify the Lambda function as the destination for the event notification.

Question 200

A company has Amazon EC2 instances that run nightly batch jobs to process data. The EC2 instances run in an Auto Scaling group that uses On-Demand billing. If a job fails on one instance: another instance will reprocess the job. The batch jobs run between 12:00 AM and 06 00 AM local time every day.

Which solution will provide EC2 instances to meet these requirements MOST cost-effectively'?

Options:

A.

Purchase a 1-year Savings Plan for Amazon EC2 that covers the instance family of the Auto Scaling group that the batch job uses.

B.

Purchase a 1-year Reserved Instance for the specific instance type and operating system of the instances in the Auto Scaling group that the batch job uses.

C.

Create a new launch template for the Auto Scaling group Set the instances to Spot Instances Set a policy to scale out based on CPU usage.

D.

Create a new launch template for the Auto Scaling group Increase the instance size Set a policy to scale out based on CPU usage.

Question 201

A company runs a website that stores images of historical events. Website users need the ability to search and view images based on the year that the event in the image occurred. On average, users request each image only once or twice a year The company wants a highly available solution to store and deliver the images to users.

Which solution will meet these requirements MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Store images in Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS). Use a web server that runs on Amazon EC2_

B.

Store images in Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS). Use a web server that runs on Amazon EC2.

C.

Store images in Amazon S3 Standard. use S3 Standard to directly deliver images by using a static website.

D.

Store images in Amazon S3 Standard-InfrequentAccess (S3 Standard-IA). use S3 Standard-IA to directly deliver images by using a static website.

Question 202

A company has stored 10 TB of log files in Apache Parquet format in an Amazon S3 bucket The company occasionally needs to use SQL to analyze the log files Which solution will meet these requirements MOST cost-effectively?

Options:

A.

Create an Amazon Aurora MySQL database Migrate the data from the S3 bucket into Aurora by using AWS Database Migration Service (AWS DMS) Issue SQL statements to the Aurora database.

B.

Create an Amazon Redshift cluster Use Redshift Spectrum to run SQL statements directly on the data in the S3 bucket

C.

Create an AWS Glue crawler to store and retrieve table metadata from the S3 bucket Use Amazon Athena to run SQL statements directly on the data in the S3 bucket

D.

Create an Amazon EMR cluster Use Apache Spark SQL to run SQL statements directly on the data in the S3 bucket

Question 203

A company runs a highly available web application on Amazon EC2 instances behind an Application Load Balancer The company uses Amazon CloudWatch metrics

As the traffic to the web application Increases, some EC2 instances become overloaded with many outstanding requests The CloudWatch metrics show that the number of requests processed and the time to receive the responses from some EC2 instances are both higher compared to other EC2 instances The company does not want new requests to be forwarded to the EC2 instances that are already overloaded.

Which solution will meet these requirements?

Options:

A.

Use the round robin routing algorithm based on the RequestCountPerTarget and Active Connection Count CloudWatch metrics.

B.

Use the least outstanding requests algorithm based on the RequestCountPerTarget and ActiveConnectionCount CloudWatch metrics.

C.

Use the round robin routing algorithm based on the RequestCount and TargetResponseTime CloudWatch metrics.

D.

Use the least outstanding requests algorithm based on the RequestCount and TargetResponseTime CloudWatch metrics.

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