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Scrum PSPO-I Dumps

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Total 171 questions

Professional Scrum Product Owner (PSPO I) Exam Questions and Answers

Question 1

When does a Developer become accountable for an item in the Sprint Backlog?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

During the Daily Scrum.

B.

As soon as a Developer on the Scrum Team can accommodate more work.

C.

Never. All Developers on the Scrum Team share accountability for items in the Sprint

Backlog.

D.

At Sprint Planning when all of the Sprint Backlog items are split evenly across the

Developers.

Question 2

Scrum requires that the Product Owner must use which of the following items?

(choose all that apply)

Options:

A.

Burndown chart.

B.

Feature burn-up.

C.

Critical Path Analysis.

D.

Project Gantt chart.

E.

None of the above.

Question 3

Who is on the Scrum Team?

(choose all that apply)

Options:

A.

Scrum Master.

B.

Product Owner.

C.

Developers.

D.

Project Manager.

E.

None of the above.

Question 4

True or False: The Product Owner should have the entire Product Backlog documented in detail before the first Sprint can start?

Options:

A.

True

B.

False

Question 5

Which of the following is an example of an Increment?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

A plan for the overall product release.

B.

A mock-up of the product marketing materials.

C.

A design for the product.

D.

A product roll-out plan.

E.

A valuable, useful set of product features.

F.

All of the above.

Question 6

What may be included in the Sprint Backlog?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

User Stories.

B.

Tasks.

C.

Use Cases.

D.

Tests.

E.

Any of the above (or others) which are a decomposition of the selected Product

Backlog items.

Question 7

What tactic should a Scrum Team use to divide a group of 100 people into multiple Scrum

Teams?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

Ask the people to divide themselves into teams.

B.

Create teams based on their skills across multiple layers (such as database, UI,

etc.).

C.

Ask the Product Owner to assign the people to teams.

Question 8

Scrum is based on empiricism. All of its artifacts must be transparent to ensure sufficient accuracy of inspection. How can the Scrum Team maintain the Product Backlog to maximize its transparency?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

The Product Backlog is only updated at the Sprint Review, when both the Scrum

Team and the stakeholders are available.

B.

Product Backlog items should hold no more than 8 points of work, which is the

average in the range of acceptable sizes of 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, and 13.

C.

Product Backlog items must be sized such that the highest ordered items are no bigger than a Sprint.

D.

The Product Backlog is only updated at a release planning meeting with the

stakeholders and the change control board present.

E.

The Product Backlog is continually kept up to date with the most recent insights.

Question 9

Which metrics will help a Product Owner determine if a product is delivering value?

(choose the best two answers)

Options:

A.

Customer satisfaction.

B.

Productivity.

C.

Velocity.

D.

Time to market.

E.

Percentage of scope implemented.

Question 10

True or False: Product Owners must specify complete acceptance criteria for a Product

Backlog item before the Developers can select the item in Sprint Planning.

Options:

A.

True

B.

False

Question 11

True or False: Sprint Reviews are an opportunity to collect stakeholder feedback.

Options:

A.

True

B.

False

Question 12

What is the responsibility of the Product Owner in crafting the Sprint Goal?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

The Product Owner has no responsibility for the Sprint Goal. It is the sole

responsibility of the Developers.

B.

The Product Owner cannot attend Sprint Planning without having documented the

Sprint Goal in advance.

C.

The Product Owner should come to Sprint Planning with a business objective in mind and work with the Developers to craft the Sprint Goal.

D.

The Product Owner must work with stakeholders to set each Sprint's Goal.

E.

The Product Owner defines the scope for a Sprint and therefore also the Sprint Goal.

Question 13

What are two effective ways for the Scrum Team to make non-functional requirements visible?

(choose the best two answers)

Options:

A.

Add them to the Product Backlog to ensure transparency.

B.

Run the integration and regression tests before the end of the Sprint, and

capture the open work for the Sprint Backlog of the next Sprint.

C.

Add them to the Definition of Done so the work is taken care of every Sprint.

D.

Put them on a separate list on the Scrum board, available for all to see.

Question 14

When does a Sprint conclude?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

When all the tasks are completed by the Developers.

B.

When the Sprint Retrospective is complete.

C.

When all Product Backlog items meet their Definition of Done.

D.

When the Product Owner decides enough has been delivered to meet the Sprint

Goal.

Question 15

Which of the following are appropriate topics for discussion during a Sprint Retrospective?

(choose the best two answers)

Options:

A.

Identifying high priority process improvements for the next Sprint.

B.

The order of items in the Product Backlog.

C.

How the team collaborates.

D.

Documenting acceptance criteria for items in the next Sprint.

Question 16

True or False: The Scrum Team is accountable for creating a valuable increment every Sprint.

Options:

A.

True

B.

False

Question 17

True or False: Every Scrum Team must have a Product Owner and Scrum Master.

Options:

A.

False. A Scrum Master is only required when asked for by the Scrum Team.

B.

True. Each must be 100% dedicated to the Scrum Team.

C.

False. A Product Owner can be replaced by a subject matter expert in the Scrum

Team.

D.

True. Outcomes are affected by their participation and availability.

Question 18

What typically happens if the Product Backlog is not sufficiently clear at Sprint Planning?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

The Product Owner should select the Sprint Goal for the Scrum Team so that work can begin.

B.

The Developers will find it difficult to create a Sprint forecast they are confident they can meet.

C.

Nothing in particular.

D.

The Scrum Master should not allow this to happen. Look for a new Scrum Master and re-start the Sprint.

E.

Sprint Planning is canceled so refinement can be done first.

Question 19

How much time must a Product Owner spend with the Developers?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

Enough so that the Product Owner is confident the Increment will meet the intended value.

B.

40%, or more if the stakeholders agree.

C.

As much time as the Developers tell the Product Owner to be present.

D.

100%

Question 20

Which two ways of creating Scrum Teams are consistent with Scrum's values?

(choose the best two answers)

Options:

A.

Bring all the people together and let them organize into Scrum Teams.

B.

Managers personally re-assign current subordinates to new teams.

C.

Existing teams propose how they would like to go about organizing into the new

structure.

D.

Managers collaborate to assign individuals to specific teams.

E.

The Chief Product Owner determines the new team structures and assignments.

Question 21

True or False: A Product Owner is essentially the same thing as a traditional Project Manager.

Options:

A.

True

B.

False

Question 22

Why is it important that there is only one Product Owner per product?

(choose the best three answers)

Options:

A.

The Scrum Master knows who acts as their backup while on vacation.

B.

It would confuse the stakeholders if they had to work with more than one person.

C.

It is clear who is accountable for the ultimate value of the product.

D.

It helps avoid barriers to effective communication and rapid decision-making.

E.

The Scrum Team always knows who determines the order of the Product

Backlog.

Question 23

What is the purpose of a Sprint Review?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

To build team spirit.

B.

To take time to judge the validity of the project.

C.

To inspect the product Increment with the stakeholders and collect feedback on next steps.

D.

To review the Scrum Team's activities and processes during the Sprint.

Question 24

When might a Sprint be cancelled?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

When the Developers determine the product plan is infeasible.

B.

When it becomes clear that not everything will be finished by the end of the Sprint.

C.

When the sales department has an important new opportunity.

D.

When the Sprint Goal becomes obsolete.

Question 25

The Developers find out during the Sprint that they are not likely to build everything they forecast. What would you expect a Product Owner to do?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

Skip Product Backlog refinement activities.

B.

Inform management that more Developers are needed.

C.

Change the Sprint Goal.

D.

Re-work the selected Product Backlog items with the Developers to meet the Sprint Goal.

E.

Cancel the Sprint.

Question 26

Several Sprints into a project, the Product Owner tells the Scrum Master that a key stakeholder

just started using the product. The stakeholder is unhappy with the quality of the product. What

are two good options for the Scrum Master?

(choose the best two answers)

Options:

A.

Coach the Product Owner on how to talk with the Developers about this

concern.

B.

Wait to bring this up until the Sprint Retrospective.

C.

Explain to the Product Owner that it is up to the Developers to decide on

acceptable quality standards.

D.

Encourage the Product Owner to put quality specifications on the Product

Backlog and express the stakeholder's concern to the Developers.

E.

Bring the concern to the testers to improve how the Product is verified.

Question 27

Which of the following is required by Scrum?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

Sprint Retrospective.

B.

Developers must stand up at the Daily Scrum.

C.

Sprint Burndown Chart.

D.

Release Planning.

E.

All of the above.

Question 28

When should the Product Owner update the project plan?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

Before the Sprint Planning to know how much work will have to be done in the Sprint.

B.

The Product Backlog is the plan in Scrum. It is updated as new information and insights emerge.

C.

After the Daily Scrum to ensure an accurate daily overview of project progress.

D.

The project plan must be updated prior to the Sprint Retrospective.

Question 29

How is management that is external to the Scrum Team involved in the Daily Scrum?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

The Product Owner represents their opinions.

B.

The Scrum Master speaks on their behalf.

C.

Managers are not required at the Daily Scrum.

D.

Management gives an update at the start of each Daily Scrum.

Question 30

True or False: The Product Owner must write all of the Product Backlog items (e.g., user stories, requirements, etc.) on the Product Backlog before handing them over to the Scrum Team.

Options:

A.

True

B.

False

Question 31

How often should customer satisfaction be measured?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

Frequently.

B.

Quarterly.

C.

Daily.

D.

Annually.

Question 32

An organization has decided to adopt Scrum, but management wants to change the

terminology to fit with terminology already used. What will likely happen if this is done?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

Without a new vocabulary as a reminder of the change, very little change may

actually happen.

B.

The organization may not understand what has changed within Scrum and the

benefits of Scrum may be lost.

C.

Management may feel less anxious.

D.

All answers apply.

Question 33

Who does the work to make sure Product Backlog items conform to the Definition of Done?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

The Product Owner.

B.

The Quality Assurance Team.

C.

The Scrum Team.

D.

The Developers.

E.

The Scrum Master.

Question 34

True or False: The Scrum Team is accountable for creating a valuable increment every Sprint.

Options:

A.

True

B.

False

Question 35

What is the timebox for the Sprint Planning event?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

Monthly.

B.

Whenever it is done.

C.

8 hours for a one-month Sprint.

D.

4 hours for a one-month Sprint.

Question 36

Why is the Daily Scrum held at the same time and same place?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

The Product Owner demands it.

B.

Rooms are hard to book and must be booked in advance.

C.

The place can be named.

D.

The consistency reduces complexity.

Question 37

When does a Developer become accountable for the value of a Product Backlog item selected for the Sprint?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

Whenever a team member can accommodate more work.

B.

At the Sprint Planning Event.

C.

During the Daily Scrum.

D.

Never. The entire Scrum Team is accountable for creating value every Sprint.

Question 38

True or False: All planned work for the Product done by the Scrum Team must originate from the Product Backlog.

Options:

A.

True

B.

False

Question 39

Which statement best describes the Sprint Review?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

It is a mechanism to control the Developers activities during a Sprint.

B.

It is used to congratulate the Developers if they complete their forecast or to punish

the Developers if they fail to meet their forecast.

C.

It is when the Scrum Team and stakeholders inspect the outcome of a Sprint and

figure out what to do next.

D.

It is a demo at the end of the Sprint for everyone in the organization to check on the

work done.

Question 40

True or False: The Product Owner makes sure the Developers select enough from the Product

Backlog for a Sprint to satisfy the stakeholders.

Options:

A.

True

B.

False

Question 41

True or False: A Product Owner with multiple teams working on one product should maintain separate Product Backlogs for each team.

Options:

A.

True

B.

False

Question 42

How much of the Sprint Backlog must be defined during the Sprint Planning event?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

Just enough to understand design and architectural implications.

B.

Enough so the Developers can create their forecast of what work they can do.

C.

The entire Sprint Backlog must be identified and estimated by the end of Sprint Planning.

D.

Just enough tasks for the Scrum Master to be confident in the Developers'

understanding of the Sprint.

Question 43

When is the Sprint Backlog created?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

Prior to Sprint Planning.

B.

During refinement.

C.

During the Sprint Retrospective.

D.

During Sprint Planning.

Question 44

If Product Backlog refinement is needed, when is the ideal time for refinement to take place and

who should participate?

(choose the best two answers)

Options:

A.

The Scrum Team during the current Sprint, if they have been unable during

preceding Sprints to define Product Backlog items with enough precision to

begin work.

B.

Business analysts in the organization should do this work for the Scrum Team 1- 2 Sprints ahead of the development Sprints.

C.

The Product Owner must do this as essential work in Sprint O.

D.

The Product Owner takes the time between the end of one Sprint and the start

of the next Sprint to complete refinement.

E.

The Scrum Team on an ongoing basis, defining Product Backlog items into

smaller more precise items that are ready for selection.

Question 45

True or False: During the Sprint Review the stakeholder's role is to reorder the Product Backlog.

Options:

A.

True

B.

False

Question 46

During a Sprint, when is new work or further decomposition of work added to the Sprint

Backlog?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

During the Daily Scrum after the Developers approve it.

B.

When the Scrum Master has time to enter it.

C.

When the Product Owner identifies new work.

D.

As soon as possible after it is identified.

Question 47

Who is accountable for tracking the remaining work toward the Sprint Goal?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

The Developers.

B.

The Project Manager.

C.

The Product Owner.

D.

The Scrum Master.

Question 48

Which two ways of creating Scrum Teams are consistent with Scrum's values?

(choose the best two answers)

Options:

A.

Managers personally re-assign current subordinates to new teams.

B.

The Chief Product Owner determines the new team structures and assignments.

C.

Managers collaborate to assign individuals to specific teams.

D.

Existing teams propose how they would like to go about organizing into the new

structure.

E.

Bring all the people together and let them organize into Scrum Teams.

Question 49

The Product Owner is the person who will be held accountable if a product does not achieve its

goals or deliver value. Does this mean that the Product Owner has final say over the Definition

of Done?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

Yes, the Product Owner decides the Definition of Done. The Developers may be

consulted.

B.

No, the Scrum Team decides the Definition of Done, if it is not a standard of the

organization. The Product Owner is just one member of the Scrum Team.

Question 50

What is the timebox for the Sprint Review?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

2 hours for a one-month Sprint.

B.

1 day.

C.

4 hours for a one-month Sprint.

D.

As long as needed.

Question 51

In accordance with Scrum theory, how should a group of 100 people be divided into multiple

Scrum Teams?

(choose the best answer)

Options:

A.

Create a matrix of skills, seniority, and level of experience to assign people to teams.

B.

Check with the allocation department to see who has worked together before and make these the first teams.

C.

Understanding the product, the product vision and the rules of the Scrum framework, the people divide themselves into teams.

D.

It does not really matter since you can rotate the teams every Sprint to spread knowledge.

Question 52

What are the two responsibilities of testers in a Scrum Team?

(choose the best two answers)

Options:

A.

Tracking quality metrics.

B.

Scrum has no "tester" role.

C.

Verifying the work of programmers.

D.

The Developers are responsible for quality.

E.

Finding bugs.

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Total 171 questions